|18AN1084 Chaney's Hills
c. 1658 - 1685
The Chaney’s Hills site is located along
Flat Creek, a tributary of the South River in Anne Arundel County.
Historical records and archaeological evidence indicate that the
site was founded by Richard and Charity Chaney and their family
c. 1658. Richard Chaney’s 1685 will specified that he had
three daughters and three sons. A female servant mentioned in
his probate inventory brings the number of possible residents
of the site up to at least nine. Chaney sold the parcel to a John
Gray at some point prior to his death in 1686, but archaeological
evidence suggests that Gray never resided there.
Chaney’s Hills was discovered during a
1998 Phase I investigation of a proposed housing development.
Phase II and III investigations by ACS Consultants placed 12 excavation
units around the site, and an additional 117 test units were excavated
by the Anne Arundel County Lost Tows Project. These excavations
exposed post-hole patterns indicative of two earthfast structures:
a presumed primary dwelling that measures at least 70’ by
17’ and contains two fireplaces; and a more ephemeral structure
that seems to be associated with two cellars or pit features,
one of which was full of fireplace debris (i.e. ash, brick, and
daub). Post-holes are present near these pit features, but excavations
have not yet exposed enough to fully define the structure.
The Chaney's Hills archaeological collection is owned
by Anne Arundel County and curated by the Anne Arundel County
Lost Towns Project.