Chinese or common shape cup underglaze painted with Chinese house pattern (side and topview) - Owned by the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Baltimore. Chinese or common shape cup underglaze painted with Chinese house pattern (side and topview) - Owned by the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Baltimore.

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North American Stoneware

Click here to see images of North Carolina Stoneware


--- Salt Glazed ---


Eighteenth-century Salt Glaze Stoneware Influenced by English Brown Stoneware

William Rogers,
Poor Potter of Yorktown


Photos courtesy of Chipstone Foundation and National Park Service, Colonial National Historical Park, Yorktown Collection.

Salt glaze stoneware bottle produced by William Rogers, Yorktown, Virginia, 1720–1745, Vessel height: 10.75” Salt glaze stoneware jar produced by William Rogers, Yorktown, Virginia, 1720–1745, Vessel height: 10.00”, The upper portion of the jar has been dipped in iron oxide.
Salt glaze stoneware bottle produced by William Rogers,
Yorktown, VA, 1720–1745, Vessel height: 10.75”
Vessel COLO Y71262
Salt glaze stoneware jar produced by William Rogers,
Yorktown, Virginia, 1720–1745, Vessel height: 10.00”.
The upper portion of the jar has been dipped
in iron oxide. Vessel COLO Y15072

William Rogers,
Poor Potter of Yorktown


Photos courtesy of Chipstone Foundation and National Park Service,
Colonial National Historical Park, Yorktown Collection.


18CV91 Smith St. Leonard
1711-1754

Salt-glazed stoneware mugs produced by William Rogers, Yorktown, Virginia, 1720–1745, Vessel heights: 3 1/2" (left) and 3 1/8“ (right).  Stoneware tankards from 18CV91. The 18th-century wares of William Rogers of Yorktown (1720-1745)  show the brown ferrugenous dips typical of British brown stoneware of the same period.Stoneware tankards from 18CV91. The 18th-century wares of William Rogers of Yorktown (1720-1745)  show the brown ferrugenous dips typical of British brown stoneware of the same period.
Salt-glazed stoneware mugs produced by William Rogers,
Yorktown, Virginia, 1720–1745, Vessel heights: 3 1/2" (left)
and 3 1/8“ (right). Vessels COLO Y 7098, COLO Y 7099
Stoneware tankards. The 18th-century wares of William Rogers
of Yorktown (1720-1745) show the brown ferrugenous
dips typical of British brown stoneware of the same period.

----- Salt Glazed Grey- and Buff-Bodied Stoneware -----


18BC33 Federal Site
Feature 14 (filled c. 1830s with garbage from an earlier household)



Clagett’s Brewery 18BC38


Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl with cobalt floral decoration. Cupped lug handle. Vessel rim diameter: 12.00”, Vessel height:  5.50”.

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl with cobalt decoration. Flat base, sloping sides in a pan form more common before 1860 (Greer 1981:97); Rim diameter:  9.50”, Vessel height:  3.75”.

North American salt glazed stoneware chamberpot, painted cobalt. Rim diameter: 7.75”, Base diameter: 5.00”, Vessel height: 6.00”.Lot: No lot number. 18BC38

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl with
cobalt floral decoration. Cupped lug handle.
Vessel rim diameter: 12.00”,
Vessel height:  5.50”.

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl with
cobalt decoration. Flat base, sloping sides in
a pan form more common before 1860
(Greer 1981:97); Rim diameter:  9.50”,
Vessel height:  3.75”.

North American salt glazed stoneware
chamberpot, painted cobalt. Rim diameter:
7.75”, Base diameter: 5.00”, Vessel height: 6.00”.  Lot: No lot number.


18BC27 Federal Reserve
Feature 42 Privy c. 1830s-1860s



18BC27 Federal Reserve
Feature 23 Well, Third quarter of
19th century


Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware spittoon with cobalt scroll or leaf motif, from 18BC27.        Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware spittoon with cobalt scroll or leaf motif, from 18BC27.        Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware spittoon with cobalt scroll or leaf motif, from 18BC27.  Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jar. The upper exterior and the interior of this vessel was coated with an iron oxide wash or brown clay slip. Rim diameter:  4.00”, from 18BC27.Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jar. The upper exterior and the interior of this vessel was coated with an iron oxide wash or brown clay slip. Rim diameter:  4.00”, from 18BC27.

Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware spittoon with cobalt scroll or leaf motif.
This vessel is virtually identical to a circa 1865 Pennsylvania example illustrated
in Schaltenbrand 1995:173. Vessel diameter:  10.00”, Vessel height: 4.75”.

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jar.
The upper exterior and the interior of this
vessel was coated with an iron oxide wash
or brown clay slip. Rim diameter: 4.00”.
Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware bottle originally used for beer, soda or root beer. Impressed “Dr. J. A. Brown” on shoulder and lip dipped in cobalt. Vessel height: 9.75”, Base diameter: 3.75”, Minimum Vessel 4, from 18BC27. Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware beer bottle impressed "J. GRASBINDER” along shoulder.  The interior of the bottle is covered in Albany slip. Bottle height: approx. 10.50”, base diameter: 3.75”, Minimum Vessel 8, from 18BC27. Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware beer bottle impressed "J. GRASBINDER” along shoulder.  The interior of the bottle is covered in Albany slip. Bottle height: approx. 10.50”, base diameter: 3.75”, Minimum Vessel 8, from 18BC27.
Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware bottle originally used
for beer, soda or root beer. Impressed “Dr. J. A. Brown”
on shoulder and lip dipped in cobalt. Vessel hgt: 9.75”,
Base diameter: 3.75”, Minimum Vessel 4.


Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware beer bottle impressed "J.
GRASBINDER” along shoulder. The interior of the bottle
is covered in Albany slip. Bottle hgt: approx. 10.50”,
base diameter: 3.75”, Minimum Vessel 8.
J. A. Brown manufactured root beer in Baltimore at 22 Light Street in
the mid 1840s. By 1847, he had moved to New York to brew root beer there.
John Grasbinder was a mead and beer brewer located on
107 Lee St. in Baltimore, early 1850s.

18BC56 American Can Company
From fill deposited circa 1880-1890 at Harford Run

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware milk pan/bowl. This pan form, with a flat base and sloping sides, was the “universal form of bowl until after about 1860” (Greer 1981:97). The exterior and interior of this vessel was coated with an iron oxide wash or brown clay slip.  This vessel has been repurposed as a flower pot by having a hole punched through its base. Rim diameter: 4.58”, Base diameter: 3.00”, Vessel height:  4.50”. Vessel # 57. 18BC56Rim diameter: 4.58”, Base diameter: 3.00”, Vessel height:  4.50”. Vessel # 57 Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware spittoon with cobalt scroll or leaf motif. Vessel diameter: 10.50”, Vessel height: 4.50”. Lot #: 33-16, 17, 18, 19, 20. This vessel is virtually identical to a circa 1865 Pennsylvania example illustrated in Schaltenbrand 1995:173. 18BC56 Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware bottle with Albany slipped interior. Base diameter: 2.50”. Lot #: 33-9. 18BC56Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware bottle with Albany slipped interior. Base diameter: 2.50”. Lot #: 33-9. 18BC56

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware milk
pan/bowl. This pan form, with a flat base
and sloping sides, was the “universal form
of bowl until after about 1860” (Greer
1981:97). The exterior and interior of this
vessel was coated with an iron oxide wash
or brown clay slip.  This vessel has been
repurposed as a flower pot by having a hole
punched through its base. Rim diameter:
4.58”, Base diameter: 3.00”, Vessel
height:  4.50”. Vessel # 57


Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware spittoon
with cobalt scroll or leaf motif. Vessel
diameter: 10.50”, Vessel height: 4.50”.
Lot #: 33-16, 17, 18, 19, 20. This vessel
is virtually identical to a circa 1865
Pennsylvania example illustrated in
Schaltenbrand 1995:173.

Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware bottle
with Albany slipped interior. Base
diameter: 2.50”. Lot #: 33-9.

Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with indeterminate cobalt motif. Rim diameter: 6.00, Vessel #: 24. 18BC56Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with indeterminate cobalt motif. Rim diameter: 6.00, Vessel #: 24. 18BC56 Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with floral cobalt motif. Vessel diameter: 6.00, Vessel #: 23. 18BC56 Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with leaf cobalt motif. Rim diameter: 7.50”, Vessel #: 40. 18BC56Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with leaf cobalt motif. Rim diameter: 7.50”, Vessel #: 40. 18BC56
Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar
with indeterminate cobalt motif. Rim
diameter: 6.00, Vessel #: 24.


Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar
with floral cobalt motif. Vessel
diameter: 6.00, Vessel #: 23.

Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar
with leaf cobalt motif. Rim
diameter: 7.50”, Vessel #: 40.

Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with lug handle. Rim diameter:9.00”, Vessel #:28. 18BC56Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with lug handle. Rim diameter:9.00”, Vessel #:28. 18BC56 Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with indeterminate cobalt motif. Rim diameter: 5.50”, Vessel #: 30. 18BC56   Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with indeterminate cobalt motif. Rim diameter: 5.50”, Vessel #: 30. 18BC56 Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow vessel  with stencilled cobalt motif. Base diameter: 5.75”, Vessel #:7. This vessel was made in Greensboro, Pennsylvania by James Hamilton Company, in business between 1850 and 1880 (Greer 1981:174). 18BC56

Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with lug
handle. Rim diameter:9.00”, Vessel #:28.

Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware jar
with indeterminate cobalt motif. Rim
diameter: 5.50”, Vessel #: 30.

Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow
vessel  with stencilled cobalt motif. Base
diameter: 5.75”, Vessel #:7. This vessel was
made in Greensboro, Pennsylvania by James
Hamilton Company, in business between
1850 and 1880 (Greer 1981:174).


18CV13 Brewhouse
Lot 2 part of a large assemblage discarded under the house in the early 20th century and found during renovation.


Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware crock or jar with cobalt blue painting.  Interior of vessel has pale brown wash. Rim diameter-7.00”, from 18CV13. Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware crock or jar with cobalt blue painting.  Interior of vessel has orangeish brown wash.  The straight sides of this vessel suggest it was made after circa 1850. Rim diameter:  7.00”, from 18CV13.   Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware crock or jar with cobalt blue painting.  Interior of vessel has orangeish brown wash.  The straight sides of this vessel suggest it was made after circa 1850. Rim diameter:  7.00”, from 18CV13. Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware crock or jar with cobalt blue painting.  Interior of vessel no wash. Rim diameter:  7.00”, from 18CV13.

Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware crock or
jar with cobalt blue painting.  Interior of
vessel has pale brown wash.
Rim diameter:  7.00”

Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware crock
or jar with cobalt blue painting.  Interior
of vessel has orangeish brown wash.  The
straight sides of this vessel suggest it was made
after circa 1850. Rim diameter:  7.00”

Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware crock
or jar with cobalt blue painting.  Interior
of vessel has no wash. Rim diameter:  7.00”.


18PR175 Oxon Hill Plantation, Area 1
Lense in side yard of Main House, possibly associated with Thomas Berry family (1812-1854) 
or Thomas E. Berry family (1860-1888)

                    
      Top view                         Side view                         Bottom view                             Private Collection

Flat salt glaze stoneware cake pot lid with interior ledge. 12” rim diameter, 10” interior rim diameter.
Lid is similar to the one on cake crock shown on the right from a private collection. (Lot 1182)


18PR175 Oxon Hill Plantation, Area 1
Feature 1001 Cellar filled between 1863 and c. 1895,
possibly associated with
Thomas Berry family (1812-1854) or Thomas E. Berry family (1860-1888)


18QU124 Queenstown Courthouse
1708 to present

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl with cobalt decoration, from 18PR175.   Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl with cobalt decoration, from 18PR175. Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl with cupped lug handle. 11.50” rim diameter, 9.0” base diameter, from 18PR175. North American pale grey-bodied salt glazed handled jug.  The straight sides and definite shoulder on this vessel suggest that it was made after circa 1850. Rim diameter: 2.75”, base diameter: 4.00”, vessel height:  8.00”, from 18QU124.

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl with cobalt decoration. Bowl with pulled spout
to facilitate pouring.  Heavy potter’s
throwing marks visible on the vessel
interior. 10.50” rim diameter,
9.50” base diameter. (Lot 2311)

Grey-bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl
with cupped lug handle. 11.50” rim
diameter, 9.0” base diameter. (Lot 2311)

North American pale grey-bodied salt
glazed handled jug.  The straight sides and
definite shoulder on this vessel suggest that
it was made after circa 1850. Rim diameter: 2.75”, base diameter: 4.00”,
vessel height:  8.00”.


18MO609 Jackson Homestead
African-American farmstead of Malinda Jackson, burned c. 1915

Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware bowl with a pulled spout and cobalt blue painting. Rim diameter: 9.75”, Vessel V-05 from 18MO609. Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware bowl with a pulled spout and cobalt blue painting. Vessel has two lug handles. Rim diameter:  11.00”, Vessel V-12 from 18MO609. Buff bodied jug with grey salt glaze. One pint capacity. The straight sides and definite shoulder on this vessel suggest that it was made after circa 1850. Vessel height: 8.00”, Vessel body diameter: 3.00”, Vessel V-7 from 18MO609.

Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware bowl
with a pulled spout and cobalt blue painting.
Rim diameter: 9.75”, Vessel V-05.

Grey bodied salt glazed stoneware bowl
with a pulled spout and cobalt blue painting.
Vessel has two lug handles. Rim diameter: 
11.00”, Vessel V-12.

Buff bodied jug. One pint capacity. Albany
slip interior. The straight sides and definite
shoulder on this vessel suggest that it was
made after circa 1850. Vessel height: 8.00”, Vessel body diameter: 3.00”, Vessel V-7.


Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jug. 1 quart capacity. The full bellied/ovoid form of this jug was more common in the first half of the nineteenth century (Greer 1981). Vessel height: >7.00”, Vessel body diameter: 4.50”, Vessel V-6 from 18MO609. Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jug. ¾ gallon capacity. The straight sides and definite shoulder on this vessel suggest that it was made after circa 1850. Vessel height: 10:00”, Vessel body diameter:  6.00”, Vessel V-11 from 18MO609. Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jug with missing handle. Vessel height:  9.50”, Vessel body diameter: approximately 4.50”, Vessel V-27 from 18MO609.

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jug. 1
quart capacity. The full bellied/ovoid form
of this jug was more common in the first half
of the nineteenth century (Greer 1981).
Vessel height: >7.00”, Vessel body
diameter: 4.50”, Vessel V-6.


Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jug.
¾ gallon capacity. The straight sides and
definite shoulder on this vessel suggest that it
was made after circa 1850. Vessel hgt.: 10:00”, Vessel body diameter:  6.00”, Vessel V-11.

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jug with
missing handle. Vessel height:  9.50”, Vessel
body diameter: approximately 4.50”,
Vessel V-27.

Damaged by fire.

Buff bodied salt glaze stoneware handled jar with incised parallel lines on shoulder. Iron wash on interior and exterior.  Strap handle. Three gallon capacity. Vessel height: 15.00”, Vessel rim diameter: 5.75”, Vessel base diameter:  6.00”, Vessel V-19 from 18MO609. Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with lug handle. Rim diameter: approximately 6.00”, Base diameter: approximately  6.50”, Vessel V-18 from 18MO609. Buff bodied salt glaze stoneware bottle with iron wash. Possible ink bottle. Rim diameter: 0.56”, Vessel V-25 from 18MO609.

Buff bodied salt glaze stoneware handled jar
with incised parallel lines on shoulder. Iron
wash on interior and exterior.  Strap handle.
Three gallon capacity. Vessel height: 15.00”,
Vessel rim diameter: 5.75”, Vessel base
diameter:  6.00”, Vessel V-19.

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with
lug handle. Rim diameter: approximately
6.00”, Base diameter: approximately 6.50”,
Vessel V-18.

Damaged by fire.

Buff bodied salt glaze stoneware bottle
with iron wash. Possible ink bottle. Rim
diameter: 0.56”, Vessel V-25.


Pawley Kiln (18BC88)
c. 1838-1845

Click here to see essay on Pawley Kiln Stoneware


Jar or crock with painted blue design in an indeterminate motif.  Broken lug handle evident - from 18BC88.  Jar with blue painted design in indeterminate motif, iron oxide along rim and 3 incised lines just above shoulder.  Fragment in cross section - from 18BC88. Jar or crock with painted blue design in an indeterminate motif.  Broken lug handle evident - from 18BC88. Jar or crock with painted blue design in an indeterminate motif.  Broken lug handle evident - from 18BC88. Jar with no visible decoration.  Fragment in cross section.  Jar with no visible decoration.  Fragment in cross section - from 18BC88. Jar with no visible decoration.  Fragment in cross section on right. Jar with no visible decoration.  Fragment in cross section - from 18BC88. Jar with light iron oxide wash on exterior and three incised bands just above shoulder, fragment in cross section on right.  Jar with light iron oxide wash on exterior and three incised bands just above shoulder, fragment in cross section on right. Jar with light iron oxide wash on exterior and three incised bands just above shoulder, fragment in cross section on right. Jar with light iron oxide wash on exterior and three incised bands just above shoulder, fragment in cross section on right.
Jar with blue painted design in indeterminate
motif, iron oxide along rim and 3 incised
lines just above shoulder.  Fragment in
cross section on right.


Jar with no visible decoration. 
Fragment in cross section on right.
Jar with light iron oxide wash on exterior
and three incised bands just above shoulder.
Fragment in cross section on right.
Jar or crock with painted blue design in an indeterminate motif.  Broken lug handle evident. Fragment in cross section on right. Jar or crock with painted blue design in an indeterminate motif.  Broken lug handle evident. Fragment in cross section on right. Jar or crock with painted blue design in an indeterminate motif.  Broken lug handle evident. Fragment in cross section on right. Jar or crock with painted blue design in an indeterminate motif.  Broken lug handle evident. Fragment in cross section on right. Crock with no visible decoration.  Fragment in cross section. Crock with no visible decoration.  Fragment in cross section. Crock with no visible decoration.  Fragment in cross section. Crock with no visible decoration.  Fragment in cross section. Crock with light iron oxide wash on exterior.  Fragment in cross section.Crock with light iron oxide wash on exterior.  Fragment in cross section. Crock with light iron oxide wash on exterior.  Fragment in cross section. Crock with light iron oxide wash on exterior.  Fragment in cross section.
Jar or crock with painted blue design with
indeterminate motif.  Broken lug handle
evident. Fragment in cross section on right.


Crock with no visible decoration. 
Fragment in cross section on right.
Crock with light iron oxide wash on exterior. 
Fragment in cross section on right.
Narrow mouthed container (bottle, flask or jug) with a brown clay slip. Narrow mouthed container (bottle, flask or jug) with a brown clay slip.   Bottle body.  Bottles and flasks made at the Pawley Kiln were not decorated. Bottle body.  Bottles and flasks made at the Pawley Kiln were not decorated.
Narrow mouthed container (bottle,
flask or jug) with a brown clay slip.
  Bottle body.  Bottles and flasks made at the
Pawley Kiln were not decorated.

--- Bristol Glaze and Albany Slip ---


18MO609 Jackson Homestead
African-American farmstead of Malinda Jackson, burned c. 1915

North American buff bodied stoneware jug with Albany slipped shoulder, neck and handle.  Bristol glaze covers the cylindrical body.  2 quart capacity. Damaged from burning. Vessel height:  9.00”,Vessel diameter: 5.50”, Vessel V-16 from 18MO609. North American buff bodied stoneware jug with Albany slipped shoulder, neck and handle.  Bristol glaze covers the cylindrical body.  One gallon capacity. Vessel height: 8.00”, Vessel base diameter: 6.00”, Vessel V-15 from 18MO609. North American buff bodied stoneware jug with Albany slipped shoulder, neck and handle.  Bristol glaze covers the cylindrical body.  Damaged by burning. Vessel diameter: 6.00”, Vessel V-17 from 18MO609.

Buff bodied stoneware jug with Albany
slipped shoulder, neck and handle. 
Bristol glaze covers the cylindrical
body.  2 quart capacity. Damaged from
burning. Vessel height:  9.00”,Vessel
diameter: 5.50”, Vessel V-16.

Buff bodied stoneware jug with Albany
slipped shoulder, neck and handle.
Bristol glaze covers the cylindrical
body. One gallon capacity. Vessel height:
8.00”, Vessel base diameter: 6.00”,
Vessel V-15.

Buff bodied stoneware jug with Albany
slipped shoulder, neck and handle.  Bristol
glaze covers the cylindrical body.  Damaged
by burning. Vessel diameter: 6.00”,
Vessel V-17.


Jugs or jars with sloping shoulders ending in a flat tooled ledge at the shoulder generally date after 1890 (Greer 1981:263).


18BC27 Federal Reserve
Feature 23  Well Third quarter of
19th century


18PR175 Oxon Hill Plantation
Area I


Private collection

Tan bodied stoneware beer or ginger beer bottle with white Bristol glaze on lower 2/3 of vessel and ferruginous slip on neck and shoulders. Approximately 8” height, vase diameter: 3.0", from 18BC27. Grey bodied stoneware beer or ginger beer bottle with a dark brown slip glaze of the Albany type. Vessel height: 7.00”, base diameter: 2/50”, MV 6051, from 18PR175. Jug with overall Bristol glaze with cobalt open sponge decoration and painted bands from a private collection.

Tan bodied stoneware beer or ginger beer
bottle with white Bristol glaze on lower 2/3
of vessel and ferruginous slip on neck and
shoulders. Approximately 8” height, base diameter: 3.0”.

Grey bodied stoneware beer or ginger beer
bottle with a dark brown slip glaze of the
Albany type. Vessel height: 7.00”, base
diameter: 2/50”, MV 6051.

Jug with overall Bristol glaze with cobalt open sponge decoration and painted bands.


18CV13 Brewhouse
Lot 2 part of a large assemblage discarded under the house in the early 20th century and found during renovation.


North American buff bodied stoneware with Bristol glaze on exterior and Albany slip on interior. Rim diameter: 7.00”  North American buff bodied stoneware with Bristol glaze on exterior and Albany slip on interior. Rim diameter: 7.00” North American buff bodied stoneware molded pie pan.  Unglazed exterior, Albany slipped interior. Made in a jigger mold. Base of vessel has impressed/molded lettering that reads “Discoloration or Soaking of Crust”, Rim diameter:  10.00”, Vessel height:  1.50”, from 18CV13.   North American buff bodied stoneware molded pie pan.  Unglazed exterior, Albany slipped interior. Made in a jigger mold. Base of vessel has impressed/molded lettering that reads “Discoloration or Soaking of Crust”, Rim diameter:  10.00”, Vessel height:  1.50”, from 18CV13.   North American buff bodied stoneware molded pie pan.  Unglazed exterior, Albany slipped interior. Made in a jigger mold. Base of vessel has impressed/molded lettering that reads “Discoloration or Soaking of Crust”, Rim diameter:  10.00”, Vessel height:  1.50”, from 18CV13.

Buff bodied stoneware with Bristol glaze
on exterior and Albany slip on
interior. Rim diameter: 7.00”

Buff bodied stoneware molded pie pan.  Unglazed exterior, Albany slipped interior
. Made in a jigger mold. Base of vessel has impressed/molded lettering that reads
“Discoloration or Soaking of Crust”, Rim diameter:  10.00”, Vessel height:  1.50”.



--- Southern Alkaline Glaze ---


Private collection

Ten-Gallon Alkaline-Glazed Stoneware Jar, Possibly Daniel Seagle, Lincoln County, NC origin, circa 1840, large-sized, rotund jar with thin, semi-rounded rim, and curved lug handles, the surface covered in a mottled green alkaline glaze with heavier glaze runs at the handle terminals - from a private collection. Three-Gallon Alkaline-Glazed Stoneware Jug, Stamped "JFS", James Franklin Seagle,Vale, Lincoln County, NC, third quarter 19th century, highly-ovoid jug with tooled spout, the surface covered in a streaky, olive-green alkaline glaze - from a private collection. North Carolina alkaline-glazed stoneware five-gallon jar, late 19th century.  This vessel displays the drips and runs that can characterize some alkaline glazes. Vessel height:  14.25“.

Ten-Gallon Alkaline-Glazed Stoneware Jar,
Possibly Daniel Seagle, Lincoln County, NC
origin, circa 1840, large-sized, rotund jar
with thin, semi-rounded rim, and curved lug
handles, the surface covered in a mottled
green alkaline glaze with heavier glaze runs
at the handle terminals.


Three-Gallon Alkaline-Glazed Stoneware
Jug, Stamped "JFS", James Franklin Seagle,
Vale, Lincoln County, NC, third quarter
19th century, highly-ovoid jug with tooled
spout, the surface covered in a streaky,
olive-green alkaline glaze.

North Carolina alkaline-glazed stoneware
five-gallon jar, late 19th century. This
vessel displays the drips and runs that
can characterize some alkaline glazes.
Vessel height:  14.25“.

South Carolina alkaline-glazed stoneware three-gallon cylindrical jug, circa 1880. Stamped "W F HAHN / TRENTON / SC. Vessel height: 15.75”    

South Carolina alkaline-glazed stoneware
three-gallon cylindrical jug, circa 1880.
Stamped "W F HAHN / TRENTON / SC.
Vessel height: 15.75”  

 

North Carolina brown alkaline glazed
stoneware churn with one strap handle
and one lug handle. Late 19th century.
Vessel height: 18.50“.


--- North Carolina Stoneware ---


31Rd1426 Squirrel Creek

Images used courtesy of the North Carolina Department of Transportation
Photos taken by Dovetail Cultural Resource Group

Brown bodied salt glaze stoneware pitcher with incised bird with small x-shaped marks in front the of the bird’s beak, resembling insects. Vessel also marked with an incised and stylized “2”  for a two gallon capacity mark.  The decoration on this vessel has been attributed to the workshop of Chester Webster (1799 -1882). Webster came to Fayetteville, North Carolina to make pottery around 1830. By 1840, he was in Randolph County and working for potters Solomon and B. Y. Craven. This vessel is believed to date to the 1840s or 1850s, based on the color and decorative style (Hatch et al. 2017: 84).  Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl or milk pan with impressed maker’s mark “E.S. Craven”. Enoch Craven (1810-1893) likely started producing wares in the early nineteenth century (Hatch et al. 2017: 81). This pan form, with a flat base and sloping sides, was the “universal form of bowl until after about 1860” (Greer 1981:97). Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jug or pitcher with impressed maker’s mark “J.D. Craven” and rouletted 3 gallon capacity mark.  Jacob D. Craven (1827-1895) produced pottery in Randolph County until 1854 and then moved to Moore  County and made pottery until his death (Hatch et al. 2017:81).

Brown bodied salt glaze stoneware pitcher
with incised bird with small x-shaped marks
in front the of the bird’s beak, resembling
insects. Vessel also marked with an incised
and stylized “2”  for a two gallon capacity
mark.  This vessel is believed to date to the
1840s or 1850s, based on the color and
decorative style (Hatch et al. 2017: 84).
 The decoration on this vessel has been
attributed to the workshop of
Chester Webster (1799 -1882).

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware bowl
or milk pan with impressed maker’s mark
“E.S. Craven”. Enoch Craven (1810-1893)
likely started producing wares in the early
nineteenth century (Hatch et al. 2017: 81).
This pan form, with a flat base and sloping
sides, was the “universal form of bowl until
after about 1860” (Greer 1981:97).

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jug
or pitcher with impressed maker’s mark
“J.D. Craven” and rouletted 3 gallon
capacity mark.  Jacob D. Craven
(1827-1895) produced pottery in
Randolph County until 1854 and then
moved to Moore  County and made
pottery until his death (Hatch et al. 2017:81).

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jar with impressed 2 gallon capacity mark and lug handle. Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware pan or milk pan. Note the hole under the rim that indicates a repair.  Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware pan or milk pan. Note the hole under the rim that indicates a repair.  Brown-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow vessel with partial maker’s mark. Stamped mark “..ODY” stood for Alfred L. Moody (1860 to 1924), a Randolph County potter who likely started producing pottery in the late-nineteenth century (Zug 1986:442).

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware jar
with impressed 2 gallon capacity mark
and lug handle.

Grey bodied salt glaze stoneware pan or
milk pan. Note the hole under the rim
that indicates a repair. 

Brown-bodied salt glazed stoneware
hollow vessel with partial maker’s mark.
Stamped mark “..ODY” stood for Alfred L.
Moody (1860 to 1924), a Randolph County
potter who likely started producing pottery in
the late-nineteenth century (Zug 1986:442).
Grey bodied North Carolina Piedmont salt glazed stoneware pitcher. Grey bodied North Carolina Piedmont salt glazed stoneware jar with cobalt banding. Grey bodied North Carolina Piedmont salt glazed stoneware plates.

Grey bodied North Carolina Piedmont
salt glazed stoneware pitcher.


Grey bodied North Carolina Piedmont
salt glazed stoneware jar with cobalt banding.

Grey bodied North Carolina Piedmont
salt glazed stoneware plates.

Grey bodied North Carolina Piedmont salt glazed stoneware tankard with iron oxides bands.   North Carolina Piedmont salt glazed stoneware jug with rouletting, incised bands and incised W. N. Craven mark. According to North Carolina potter Hal Pugh, this vessel appeared to have been salt glazed, but the runny portions of the glaze are from ash dripping in the kiln, creating an alkaline glaze (Hatch et al. 2017).

Grey bodied North Carolina Piedmont
salt glazed stoneware tankard with
iron oxides bands.

 

North Carolina Piedmont salt glazed
stoneware jug with rouletting, incised bands
and incised W. N. Craven mark. According
to North Carolina potter Hal Pugh, this vessel
appeared to have been salt glazed, but the
runny portions of the glaze are from ash
dripping in the kiln, creating an alkaline
glaze (Hatch et al. 2017).


Evolution of Jug Shapes

General evolution of jug shapes, showing change from ovoid to straight sided forms.  Redrawn from Guilland 1971.


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Thumbnail image of a yellow ware undecorated soup plate - when clicked on will open a larger image. Thumbnail image of an undecorated plate, impressed mark Sharpe’s Derbyshire on reverse.  Thomas Sharpe (Sharpe, Brothers & Co.) company began production c. 1821 - when clicked will open a larger image view. Thumbnail image of a yellow ware undecorated soup plate sherd - when clicked will open a larger image view.  Thumbnail image of a banded yellow ware mug from 18BC27, when clicked on will open a larger image view. Thumbnail image of a bulbous shaped banded pitcher from 18BC27, when clicked on will open a larger image view. Thumbnail image of a creamer or gravy server with molded floral motif from 18BC27, when clicked on will open a larger image view. Thumbnail image of a banded yellow ware mug with applied handle from 18BC27, when clicked on will open a larger image view. Thumbnail image of a yellow ware undecorated flower pot - when clicked on will open a larger image. Thumbnail image of a large bowl fragment with applied slip in blue from 18BC27, when clicked on will open a larger image view. Thumbnail image of a mocha thistle pattern jug from a private collection - when clicked on will open a larger image view. Thumbnail image of a Molded mixing bowl with an apple green glaze from a private collection - when clicked on will open a larger image view. Thumbnail image of a candlestick with flint - when clicked on will open a larger image view. Molded and green glazed vessel of indeterminate form – probably serving dish.  Green glaze covers both the interior and exterior of the vessel. Molded and green glazed vessel of indeterminate form – probably large plate or serving dish.  Green glaze covers both the interior and exterior of the vessel. Molded and green glazed vessel of indeterminate form – probably serving dish or large plate.  Green glaze covers both the interior and exterior of the vessel. Unidentified hollow vessels, one molded with a corn kernel motif and the other a basket weave.  The corn molded fragment has a pale pink interior glaze. Corn was a popular motif in majolica ceramics. Pitcher in private collection. This vessel is representative of the inexpensive lead glazed imitations of Jasper stoneware, produced in the first half of the 19th century. Dipped pearlware mug with greyish-brown slip, to which sprig molded figures have been applied.  This vessel is representative of the inexpensive lead glazed imitations of Jasper stoneware, produced in the first half of the 19th century. In this closup of vessel on left, in the damaged area above the legs in the figure on the right, the unglazed greyish color of the slip is visible where portions of the sprig molded design have flaked away. Bone china saucer with light blue floral motif.  Note that the floral basket is enclosed within a larger molded motif. Bone china bowl, possibly a slop bowl, with a light blue thistle and shamrock sprig molded motif.  This vessel is badly stained - possibly known as Chelsea sprig pattern, dated by the Museum Victoria in Victoria, Australia as circa 1880, based on archaeological context. Queen’s ware (creamware) ashtray with sprig molded grapevine design. Closeup detail of plate shown on left - Queen’s ware (creamware) ashtray with sprig molded grapevine design. Printed mark “WEDGWOOD of Etruria & Barlaston, Made in England” dating after c. 1940 (Godden 1964:660).  The impressed mark reads “Wedgwood 4 C 65”, meaning that this vessel was made in April of 1965 (Godden 1964:659). Bone china sugar dish with blue floral sprigging.  It is part of a largely complete teaware set previously owned by the Ogle family, former owners of Belair Museum. This bone china cup in the Blue Chelsea pattern bears the post 1962 mark of Adderleys Ltd. (Godden 1964:25), attesting to the production of this type of sprig decorated ware into the second half of the twentieth century. Copyright © 2002 by Maryland Archaeological Conservation Lab
Updated:  6/6/18