Click on each thumbnail to view image in larger format

Back

Rhenish Stoneware


Blue on Gray with applied and incised decoration with cobalt blue under the glaze


18CV60 Angelica Knoll 
c. 1650 to 1770


Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow vessel fragments showing different prunt motifs. Applied prunts outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze. Similarly decorated vessels in printed sources dated c. 1680 from 18CV60.  Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow vessel fragments showing different prunt motifs. Applied prunts outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze. Similarly decorated vessels in printed sources dated c. 1680 from 18CV60.Image courtesy of the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware mug or jug with applied floral prunts outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60.

 

    Image courtesy of the Victoria 
and Albert Museum 

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow vessel fragments showing
different prunt motifs.  Applied prunts outlined with cobalt-blue under
the glaze. Similarly decorated vessels in printed sources dated c. 1680.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
mug or jug with applied floral prunts
outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware  jug  with applied lions outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze.  Both sherds appear to be from the same vessel. Lot number: 18CV60-1.428. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied lions outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60.Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied lions outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware  jug  with applied
lions outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze.  Both
sherds appear to be from the same vessel.
Lot number: 18CV60-1.428.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware  jug  with applied
lions outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze. 

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug or mug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised) stems   outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60-1.444       Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug or mug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised) stems   outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60-1.444 Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware straight sided tankard with applied floral motif and engraved (incised) motif with cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze. Cordoned below rim. 4.25” rim diameter, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug or mug with
applied (sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised)
stems outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze.
Lot number: 18CV60-1.444

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware straight sided
tankard with applied floral motif and engraved
(incised) motif with cobalt-blue painted decoration
under the glaze. Cordoned below rim. 4.25” rim diameter.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight sided tankard with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760).  Incised with scroll-like motifs outlined in cobalt-blue.  Cordoned above medallion, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760), from 18CV60.   Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760). Incised with scroll-like motifs outlined in cobalt-blue, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight sided tankard with applied
round medallion molded with crowned
GR cipher of King George I
(1714-1727) or King George II
(1727-1760).  Incised with scroll-
like motifs outlined in cobalt-blue.  Cordoned above medallion.

Note: the lower right hand side of the
applied medallion has separated and fallen
off of the vessel.


Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
jug with applied round medallion
molded with crowned GR cipher of
King George I (1714-1727) or King
George II (1727-1760).  

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
jug with applied round medallion
molded with crowned GR cipher of
King George I (1714-1727) or King
George II (1727-1760). Incised
with scroll-like motifs outlined in
cobalt-blue.

Note:a small portion of the applied
medallion just to the right of the letter “R”
has separated and fallen off of the vessel.


18CV271 Patuxent Point
c. 1658 - 1690s



Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug  with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with cobalt blue painted under the glaze.  Cordoned neck and gadrooned below the neck. Lot numbers: 18CV271-27, 83, 89, 126, from 18CV271. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with cobalt blue painted under the glaze.  Cordoned neck. 2.25” rim diameter. Lot numbers:  18CV271-8, 83, 86, 146, 234, from 18CV271.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug  with applied
(sprigged) floral motifs with cobalt blue painted under
the glaze.  Cordoned neck and gadrooned below the neck. Lot numbers: 18CV271-27, 83, 89, 126.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug with applied
(sprigged) floral motifs with cobalt blue painted under the glaze.  Cordoned neck. 2.25” rim diameter.
Lot numbers:  18CV271-8, 83, 86, 146, 234.


18KE292 Buck Site
c. 1660 – 1700



18PR175 Oxon Hill

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug or mug  with applied (sprigged) roundel prunt motifs outlined in cobalt-blue painted under the glaze. Lot numbers: 18KE292-10, 56, 191.

 

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760). Just to the right of the angel’s wings are the initials SW (see detail).  The initials together on the right hand side in this manner generally indicate a 2 quart jug. Skerry and Hood (2009:50) date these SW marked jugs to the period between 1715 and 1740. Vessel 2317, from 18PR175.Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760). Just to the right of the angel’s wings are the initials SW (see detail).  The initials together on the right hand side in this manner generally indicate a 2 quart jug. Skerry and Hood (2009:50) date these SW marked jugs to the period between 1715 and 1740. Vessel 2317, from 18PR175.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug or mug  with
applied (sprigged) roundel prunt motifs outlined in
cobalt-blue painted under the glaze.
Lot numbers: 18KE292-10, 56, 191.

 

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760). Just to the right of the angel’s wings are the initials SW (see detail).  The initials together on the right hand side in this manner generally indicate a 2 quart jug. Skerry and Hood (2009:50) date these SW marked jugs to the period between 1715 and 1740. Vessel 2317

18ST1-23 Smith’s Ordinary,
St. Mary’s City c. 1680-1700
18ST1-13  St. John’s,
St. Mary’s City c. 1680-1715



18ST704 Charles Gift
Borrow Pit- Feature 12
1676 - c. 1694

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware ovoid jugs  with applied (sprigged) motifs with cobalt blue painted under the glaze.  Cordoned necks and bases and masks on jug necks.Vessel on left, with an applied human face mask is from the outbuilding at Smith's Ordinary and vessel dates c. 1680s. Vessel Number:  ST1-13-2434G/AA; Vessel on right, with applied lion face mask, is from the St. John’s Site and also dates to the 1680s.  Vessel Number: 18ST1-23-30.  Vessel has been partially restored.  Vessel heights: 7.75” (left) and 8.88” (right). Photo courtesy of Historic St. Mary's City, St. Mary's City, MD
Photo courtesy of Historic St. Mary’s City,
St. Mary’s City, Maryland
Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot  with applied rampant lion outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. 7.5” rim diameter. The chatter marks visible along the body of this vessel are indicative of 18th-century production. Lot number 18ST704-633.Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot  with applied rampant lion outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. 7.5” rim diameter. The chatter marks visible along the body of this vessel are indicative of 18th-century production. Lot number 18ST704-633. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington.
All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station
Patuxent River, Naval District Washington.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware ovoid jugs with
applied (sprigged) motifs with cobalt blue painted
under the glaze. Cordoned necks and bases and
masks on jug necks.
Vessel heights: 7.75” (left) and 8.88” (right).

Vessel on left, with an applied human face mask is from
the outbuilding at Smith's Ordinary and vessel dates
c. 1680s. Vessel Number:  ST1-13-2434G/AA; Vessel
on right, with applied lion face mask, is from the St.
John’s Site and also dates to the 1680s.  Vessel Number: 18ST1-23-30.  Vessel has been partially restored.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot  with
applied rampant lion outlined in cobalt-blue  under the
glaze.  Cordoned rim. 7.5” rim diameter. The chatter
marks visible along the body of this vessel are indicative
of 18th-century production. Lot number 18ST704-633.


Applied and Incised Decoration with Cobalt Blue and Manganese Painted Under the Glaze

(typical of last quarter of the seventeenth century)


18CV60 Angelica Knoll
c. 1650 to 1770


Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied  floral motifs and applied octagonal medallion of King William III (1689-1702).  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel dates to the reign of King William III. From 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (mug or jug)  with applied (sprigged) motifs with cobalt blue and manganese purple decoration painted under the glaze, from 18CV60.   Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied  tulips.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Similar motif used on vessel dated 1683 in Gaimster 1997:265. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug
with applied  floral motifs and applied
octagonal medallion of King William
III (1689-1702).  Cobalt-blue and
manganese under the glaze.

Vessel dates to  the reign of
King William III.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
hollow (mug or jug)  with applied
(sprigged) motifs with cobalt blue
and manganese purple decoration
painted under the glaze.   

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug
with applied  tulips.  Cobalt-blue and
manganese under the glaze. Similar
motif used on vessel dated 1683 in
Gaimster 1997:265. Vessel probably
dates to second half of 17th century,
based on the applied and incised
motifs with cobalt blue and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware Jug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised) stems and cobalt-blue and manganese purple decoration painted under the glaze.  Possibly similar to complete vessel shown here.  Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese, from 18CV60. Complete similar example from Private collection shown on right.  Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware Jug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised) stems and cobalt-blue and manganese purple decoration painted under the glaze.  Possibly similar to complete vessel shown here.  Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese, from 18CV60. Complete similar example from Private collection shown on right. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware mug or jug with applied blossoms and flowers and engraved stems. Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze from 18CV60. Probably similar to vessel shown to the right from private collection. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese.  Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware mug or jug with applied blossoms and flowers and engraved stems. Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze from 18CV60. Probably similar to vessel shown to the right from private collection. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware Jug with applied
(sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised) stems
and cobalt-blue and manganese purple decoration
painted under the glaze.  Possibly similar to complete
vessel shown here.  Vessel probably dates to second
half of 17th century, based on the applied and
incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware mug or jug with
applied blossoms and flowers and engraved stems. 
Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze.
Probably similar to vessel shown at right.
Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th
century, based on the applied and incised motifs
with cobalt blue and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  spiral motif.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motif and engraved stems. Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motif.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
hollow (mug or jug) with applied
spiral motif.  Cobalt-blue and
manganese under the glaze. Vessel
probably dates to second half of 17th
century, based on the applied and
incised motifs with cobalt blue and
manganese.

 

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
hollow (mug or jug) with applied
floral motif and engraved stems.
Cobalt-blue and manganese under
the glaze. Vessel probably dates to
second half of 17th century, based
on the applied and incised motifs
with cobalt blue and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
hollow (mug or jug) with applied
floral motif.  Cobalt-blue and
manganese under the glaze. Vessel
probably dates to second half of 17th
century, based on the applied and
incised motifs with cobalt blue and
manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motifs painted in cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze, from 18CV60. Complete vessel with similar motifs shown.                    Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motifs painted in cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze, from 18CV60. Complete vessel with similar motifs shown.

 

Image courtesy of the Victoria         
and Albert Museum, c. 1680-1700.    

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motifs painted in
cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze.  Complete vessel with similar motifs shown.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motif painted in cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (jug or mug) with vertical applied (sprigged) panels in geometric foliate motif painted in cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze.Date Range:   Noel Hume (2001:106) dates the vertical paneled applied motifs to the last third of the seventeenth century, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug)
with applied  floral motif painted in cobalt-blue and
manganese under the glaze. Vessel probably dates
to second half of 17th century, based on the applied
and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (jug or mug)
with vertical applied (sprigged) panels in geometric
foliate motif painted in cobalt-blue and manganese
under the glaze. Date Range: Noel Hume (2001:106)
dates the vertical paneled applied motifs to the last
third of the seventeenth century.
Lot numbers:  18CV60-1.448, 1.449


18DO58 Horne Point
c. 1670-1770s

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug  with applied AR medallion and engraved (incised) motifs outlined in cobalt-blue  and manganese under the glaze from 18DO58. This medallion stands for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714).  Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (jug or chamberpot) with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760).  Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware tankard with applied  hearts and diamonds.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze.  Rim diameter: 4.0”. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese.
Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
jug with applied AR medallion and
engraved (incised) motifs outlined in
cobalt-blue and manganese under the
glaze. This medallion stands for British
monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714).

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
hollow (jug or chamberpot) with
applied round medallion molded with
crowned "GR" cipher of King George
I (1714-1727) or King George II
(1727-1760). 

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
tankard with applied  hearts and
diamonds.  Cobalt-blue and
manganese under the glaze.  Rim
diameter: 4.0”. Vessel probably
dates to second half of 17th century,
based on the applied and incised
motifs with cobalt blue and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight sided tankard with applied  hearts and cordoning.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze.  Vessel diameter:  5.0”. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug or mug with applied  tulips.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel diameter 4.0” to 4.5”.  Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight sided tankard with applied  floral motif and cordoning.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel diameter: 4.0”.  Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
straight sided tankard with applied
hearts and cordoning.  Cobalt-blue
and manganese under the glaze.
Vessel diameter:  5.0”. Vessel
probably dates to second half of
17th century, based on the applied
and incised motifs with cobalt blue
and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
jug or mug with applied  tulips. 
Cobalt-blue and manganese under
the glaze. Vessel diameter 4.0” to
4.5”.  Vessel probably dates to
second half of 17th century, based
on the applied and incised motifs
with cobalt blue and manganese.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
straight sided tankard with applied
  floral motif and cordoning.  Cobalt-
blue and manganese under the glaze.
Vessel diameter: 4.0”.  Vessel
probably dates to second half of
17th century, based on the applied
and incised motifs with cobalt
blue and manganese.


18PR175 Oxon Hill Manor
Area V

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with concentric rilling with manganese  around vessel neck.  Applied seal or medallion of indeterminate design and incised foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze.  Strap handle. 3.25” rim diameter. Lot numbers:18PR175-5.2264, 5.2574, 5.2633, 5.2912.      Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with concentric rilling with manganese  around vessel neck.  Applied seal or medallion of indeterminate design and incised foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze.  Strap handle. 3.25” rim diameter. Lot numbers:18PR175-5.2264, 5.2574, 5.2633, 5.2912.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with concentric rilling with manganese  around vessel neck. 
Applied seal or medallion of indeterminate design and incised foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. 
Strap handle. 3.25” rim diameter. Lot numbers:  18PR175-5.2264, 5.2574, 5.2633, 5.2912.  
Minimum Vessel 4012.


Incised Decoration with Manganese


18CV60 Angelica Knoll
c. 1650 to 1770

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with engraved foliage outlined in manganese under the glaze from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motif painted in manganese under the glaze from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow
(mug or jug) with engraved foliage outlined
in manganese under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow
(mug or jug) with applied  floral motif painted
in manganese under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware mug or jug with concentric rilling with manganese and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze.   4.5” rim diameter from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with concentric rilling with manganese decoration under the glaze.   Terminus of the strap handle is known as rat tail.   Lug hole at the top of the handle indicates the vessel once had a pewter or brass lid from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll.   Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with concentric rilling with manganese decoration under the glaze.  Terminus of the strap handle is known as rat tail.   Lug hole at the top of the handle indicates the vessel once had a pewter or brass lid from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware mug
or jug with concentric rilling with manganese
and cobalt-blue painted decoration under
the glaze.   4.5” rim diameter.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with
concentric rilling with manganese decoration
under the glaze.   Terminus of the strap handle
is known as rat tail.   Lug hole at the top of the handle indicates the vessel once had a pewter or
brass lid. 3” rim diameter.

 


Stamped and Incised Decoration


18CV60 Angelica Knoll
c. 1650 to 1770

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware  unidentified hollow vessel (probable jug) with incised foliage and stamped rosettes outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60 1.441 and 1.442. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow vessel with incised foliage and stamped rosette outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow vessel with stamped rosette painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
unidentified hollow vessel
(probable jug) with incised foliage
and stamped rosettes outlined with
cobalt-blue under the glaze. Lot
number: 18CV60 1.441 and 1.442.

 

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
hollow vessel with incised foliage
and stamped rosette outlined in
cobalt-blue under the glaze.
18CV60 1.443

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
hollow vessel with stamped rosette
painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
unidentified hollow vessel with
engraved (incised) foliage motifs
and cobalt-blue painted
decoration under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with
engraved (incised) foliage motifs
and cobalt-blue painted
decoration under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with
engraved (incised) foliage motifs
and cobalt-blue painted
decoration under the glaze

 

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze. The chatter marks visible along the body of this vessel date its manufacture to the 18th century. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
unidentified hollow vessel with
engraved (incised) foliage motifs
and cobalt-blue painted decoration
under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with
engraved (incised) foliage motifs and
cobalt-blue painted decoration under
the glaze. The chatter marks visible
along the body of this vessel date its
manufacture to the 18th century.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
unidentified hollow vessel with
engraved (incised) foliage motifs
and cobalt-blue painted
decoration under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied medallion-type motif, painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (jug?) with engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (jug?) with engraved (incised) foliage painted cobalt-blue under the glaze. Lot numbers:  18CV60-1.434; 1.583.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
hollow (mug or jug) with applied
medallion-type motif, painted in
cobalt-blue under the glaze.

 

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
hollow (jug?) with engraved
(incised) foliage outlined in
cobalt-blue under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
hollow (jug?) with engraved
(incised) foliage painted
cobalt-blue under the glaze.
Lot numbers:18CV60-1.434; 1.583

 

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (jug or mug) with engraved (incised) foliage and zigzag motif painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow  (mug or jug) with engraved (incised) checkered motif painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug with engraved (incised) foliage motif painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze.  Note thickened area of glaze along the upper left side of the vessel, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
hollow (jug or mug) with engraved
(incised) foliage and zigzag motif
painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
hollow  (mug or jug) with engraved
(incised) checkered motif painted
in cobalt-blue under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware
jug with engraved (incised) foliage
motif painted in cobalt-blue under
the glaze.  Note thickened area of
glaze along the upper left side
of the vessel.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue.  2.75” rim diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard with applied blossoms and engraved stems painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue and manganese. 4.0” base diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankards with engraved motifs painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. Cordoned rims. Both vessels: 3.5” rim diameter, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
straight-sided tankard  with cordoned
rim.  Painted under the glaze in
cobalt- blue.  2.75” rim diameter.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
straight-sided tankard with applied
blossoms and engraved stems painted
under the glaze in cobalt-blue and
manganese. 4.0” base diameter.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
straight-sided tankards with engraved
motifs painted under the glaze in
cobalt-blue. Cordoned rims. Both
vessels: 3.5” rim diameter.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with stamped AR excise mark.  This mark stand for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714). Cordoned rim, from 18CV60. Vessel date 1702-1714. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard with engraved stems outlined in in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. 3.75” rim diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot painted in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. 7.00” rim diameter, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
straight-sided tankard  with stamped
AR excise mark.  This mark stand for
British monarch Queen Anne (1702-
1714). Cordoned rim. Vessel
date 1702-1714.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
straight-sided tankard with engraved
stems outlined in in cobalt-blue
under the glaze.  Cordoned rim.
3.75” rim diameter.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
chamberpot painted in cobalt-blue
under the glaze.  Cordoned rim.
7.00” rim diameter.

 Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamber pot with engraved motif outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. Chamber pots made for export to Britain and its colonies are generally decorated with two sprig molded lions and other simple stamped rosettes (Skerry and Hood 2009:52). 7.25” rim diameter, from 18CV60.  

                        

              
Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware
chamber pot with engraved motif
outlined in cobalt-blue  under the
glaze.  Cordoned rim. Chamber pots
made for export to Britain and its
colonies are generally decorated with
two sprig molded lions and other
simple stamped rosettes (Skerry and
Hood 2009:52).  7.25” rim diameter.

 

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with
engraved (incised) motifs and
cobalt-blue painted decoration
under the glaze.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue painted under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60-1.429., Complete vessels with similar motifs have been dated circa 1720.              Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue painted under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60-1.429., Complete vessels with similar motifs have been dated circa 1720. Vessel shown is from http://martynedgell.com/index.php/product/westerwald-saltglaze-stoneware-jug-circa-1720/.

Image dated c. 1720.                
http://martynedgell.com/index.php/product/                
westerwald-saltglaze-stoneware-jug-circa-1720/
         

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with engraved (incised) foliage outlined
in cobalt-blue painted under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60-1.429. Complete vessels
with similar motifs have been dated circa 1720.

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware mineral water or wine bottle with strap handle.  Painted cobalt-blue under the glaze.  1.25” rim diameter, from 18CV60.     http://flickrhivemind.net/Tags/stoneware,westerwald-The cobalt “P” on this vessel indicates the spa where it was filled.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. Chatter marks are faintly visible above the handle, from 18CV60. The V or rat-tail shape handle terminal is a characteristic of a vessel produced in the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111).     Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. Chatter marks are faintly visible above the handle, from 18CV60. The V or rat-tail shape handle terminal is a characteristic of a vessel produced in the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111).
The cobalt “P” on this vessel       
indicates the spa where it was filled.
The V or rat-tail shape handle terminal is a characteristic of a
vessel produced in the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111).

Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware mineral water
or wine bottle with strap handle.  Painted
cobalt-blue under the glaze.  1.25” rim diameter.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided
tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted
under the glaze in cobalt-blue. Chatter marks are
faintly visible above the handle.


18ST704 Charles Gift
Borrow Pit- Feature 12 (1676 - c. 1694)

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. 4.5” rim diameter. The rolled handle terminal of this tankard is a characteristic of vessels produced prior to the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111), from 18ST704. Images are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington.                 Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. 4.5” rim diameter. The rolled handle terminal of this tankard is a characteristic of vessels produced prior to the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111). Images are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington.
Images are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted
under the glaze in cobalt-blue. 4.5” rim diameter. The rolled handle terminal of this tankard is a characteristic
of vessels produced prior to the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111).


18WA20 Fort Frederick


Blue on gray stoneware jug with lug holes for a pewter or brass lid.  The incised “3” is an indication that this vessel held two quarts of liquid (Noel Hume 2001:103).  5” rim diameter, from 18WA20 Fort Frederick.   

Blue on gray stoneware jug with lug holes for a pewter or brass lid.  The incised “3” is an indication that
this vessel held two quarts of liquid (Noel Hume 2001:103). 5” rim diameter.


44YO205 John Bates Site
Quaker merchant home and store
(c. 1690-1720)

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with applied AR medallion and engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Cordoned rim. This medallion stands for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714).  Vessel date 1702-1714, from 44YO205 John Bates Site. Photo courtesy of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Artifacts from private collection.          Two views
Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with applied AR medallion and engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Cordoned rim. This medallion stands for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714).  Vessel date 1702-1714, from 44YO205 John Bates Site. Photo courtesy of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Artifacts from private collection.Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with applied AR medallion and engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Cordoned rim. This medallion stands for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714).  Vessel date 1702-1714, from 44YO205 John Bates Site. Photo courtesy of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Artifacts from private collection.
Photo courtesy of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.  Artifacts from private collection.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided
tankard  with applied AR medallion and engraved
(incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze.
Cordoned rim. This medallion stands for British monarch
Queen Anne (1702-1714).  Vessel date 1702-1714.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided
tankard  with applied AR medallion (just visible to
left side of vessel) and engraved (incised) foliage
outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Cordoned
rim. This medallion stands for British monarch
Queen Anne (1702-1714). Vessel date 1702-1714.


44FX762 Mount Vernon
South Grove Midden Phase I (1735-1758)

Photo used courtesy of Mount Vernon


Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot  with applied rampant lion and stamped rosettes outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim and base. Rim diameter. 6.70”; Base diameter: 5.50”; Vessel height:  5.75”; Object ID: 2602.    Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot  with applied rampant lion and stamped rosettes outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim and base. Rim diameter. 6.70”; Base diameter: 5.50”; Vessel height:  5.75”; Object ID: 2602.     Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot  with applied rampant lion and stamped rosettes outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim and base. Rim diameter. 6.70”; Base diameter: 5.50”; Vessel height:  5.75”; Object ID: 2602.

Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot  with applied rampant lion and stamped rosettes
outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze - (See closeup of applied lion on right).
Cordoned rim and base. Rim diameter. 6.70”; Base diameter: 5.50”; Vessel height:  5.75”; Object ID: 2602.
Learn more about this object at: http://mountvernonmidden.org/default.html.


Rhenish Brown stoneware


18AN944 Towne Neck
1661-1673

Site of an earthfast house of a wealthy merchant family.

German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip. Lot 46, from 18AN944 Towne Neck.     German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip. Lot 46, from 18AN944 Towne Neck. Complete example of Bellarmine bottle shown on right from a private collection.

German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann or Bellarmine bottle with iron oxide slip. Lot 46.
Complete example of Bellarmine bottle shown on right from a private collection.


Old Baltimore

Courtesy U.S. Army Garrison, Aberdeen Proving Ground

Rhenish brown salt glazed stoneware bellarmine style bottle from Old Baltimore, Courtesy U.S. Army Garrison, Aberdeen Proving Ground.

Rhenish brown salt glazed stoneware bellarmine style bottle.


18CV60 Angelica Knoll
c. 1650 to 1770

German brown salt glaze stoneware bottle with iron oxide slip.  Probably Bartmann bottle. Base diameter: 2.25”, from 18CV60. German brown salt glaze stoneware bottle with iron oxide slip.  Probably Bartmann bottle. Base diameter: 2.00”, from 18CV60. German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip. Unidentified fragmented medallion, from 18CV60.

German brown salt glaze stoneware
bottle with iron oxide slip. 
Probably Bartmann bottle.
Base diameter: 2.25”.


German brown salt glaze stoneware
bottle with iron oxide slip.
Probably Bartmann bottle.
Base diameter: 2.00"

German brown salt glaze stoneware
Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip.
Unidentified fragmented medallion.

German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip. Unidentified fragmented medallion, from 18CV60.   German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip, from 18CV60.

German brown salt glaze stoneware
Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip.
Unidentified fragmented medallion.

 

German brown salt glaze stoneware
Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip.

18QU28 Bennett’s Point
c. 1690-1775


Rhenish Brown stoneware bearded face Bennett's Point, 18QU28 /233.002. The use of cobalt blue on Bartmann bottles is most typical of examples produced in Frechen prior to 1620 (Skerry and Hood 2009:10).

German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with applied face and cobalt
blue painting under the glaze. Lot 233.002.

The use of cobalt blue on Bartmann bottles is most typical of examples produced in
Frechen prior to 1620 (Skerry and Hood 2009:10).



18QU300 Medallion Site
c. 1634-

Photo courtesy of Darrin Lowery
German brown stoneware Bartmann bottle with applied medallion and cobalt blue painting under the glaze. The medallion bears the date 1593, the initials RRK and depicts a double-headed eagle. This vessel would have been 14 to 15” in height. Sherd discovered off of Kent Island, possibly from disturbance of a now-submerged well from the William Claiborne Site, 18QU300. Photo courtesy of Darrin Lowery.

German brown stoneware Bartmann bottle with applied medallion and cobalt blue
painting under the glaze. The medallion bears the date 1593, the initials RRK and
depicts a double-headed eagle. This vessel would have been 14 to 15” in height.
Sherd discovered off of Kent Island, possibly from disturbance of a now-submerged
well from the William Claiborne Site.


18ST233 Old Chapel Field
c. 1636-1660

German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip, from 18AST233 Old Chapel Field.

German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip.


Höhr Rhenish Stoneware

18CV60 Angelica Knoll
c. 1650 to 1770

Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug with   applied  (sprigged) portrait of King William III (1694-1702). Date Range: 1694-1702, from 18CV60.   

   Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug with applied (sprigged) floral motif and engraved stem. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware typically produced c. 1675 to 1750, from 18CV60.

Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug with  applied
(sprigged) portrait of King William III (1694-1702).
Date Range: 1694-1702.

Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug with applied
(sprigged) floral motif and engraved stem.
Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware typically
produced c. 1675 to 1750

Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug  with applied (sprigged) floral motif and engraved (incised) stem, from 18CV60. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug with  applied (sprigged) floral motif. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware typically produced c. 1675 to 1750, from 18CV60.

Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug  with applied
(sprigged) floral motif and engraved (incised) stem.

Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug with  applied
(sprigged) floral motif. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware
typically produced c. 1675 to 1750.


Photo courtesy of Julia A. King, St. Mary's College of Maryland

The mended Rhenish Hohrware jug found at Westwood Manor (18CH621).   Closeup detail showing image of King William III.

Höhr Rhenish stoneware jug with applied medallion and floral motifs and incised stems found at a late 17th-century residence.  Close-up detail of British monarch King William III on right (reigned 1689-1702).
(Private Collection)


Höhr Rhenish Stoneware in Delaware


Image of sherd of Hohr stoneware from Delaware site #7S-D-16, the Old House Site
Höhr Rhenish stoneware sherd decorated with
Sprig-molding. Indeterminate vessel.
Old House Site (7S-D-16).

Image of several sherds from the Walter Powell Plantation Site (7S-K-144B) in Sussex Co., Delaware.
Höhr Rhenish stoneware decorated with Sprig
molding and incising. Ovoid drinking pot or small jug.
Walter Powell Plantation Site (7S-K-144B).

Link to the Hohr Ware in Delaware Essay.

Back to: Top | Ware Description


Copyright © 2002 by Maryland Archaeological Conservation Lab

Updated: 12/30/16

Button links to the Hohr Ware stoneware in Delaware Essay. Höhr Rhenish stoneware sherd decorated with Sprig-molding. Indeterminate vessel - Old House Site Delaware (7S-D-16). Höhr Rhenish stoneware decorated with Sprig molding and incising. Ovoid drinking pot or small jug - Walter Powell Plantation Site-Delaware (7S-K-144B). Mended Rhenish Hohrware jug found at Westwood Manor (18CH621), a late 17th-century residence. Closeup detail showing image of King William III. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow vessel fragments showing different prunt motifs. Applied prunts outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze. Similarly decorated vessels in printed sources dated c. 1680 from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow vessel fragments showing different prunt motifs. Applied prunts outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze. Similarly decorated vessels in printed sources dated c. 1680 from 18CV60. Image courtesy of the Victoria and Albert Museum. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware mug or jug with applied floral prunts outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware  jug  with applied lions outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze.  Both sherds appear to be from the same vessel. Lot number: 18CV60-1.428. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied lions outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied lions outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug or mug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised) stems   outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60-1.444 Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug or mug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised) stems   outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60-1.444 Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware straight sided tankard with applied floral motif and engraved (incised) motif with cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze. Cordoned below rim. 4.25” rim diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight sided tankard with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760).  Incised with scroll-like motifs outlined in cobalt-blue.  Cordoned above medallion, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760), from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760). Incised with scroll-like motifs outlined in cobalt-blue, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug  with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with cobalt blue painted under the glaze.  Cordoned neck and gadrooned below the neck. Lot numbers: 18CV271-27, 83, 89, 126, from 18CV271. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with cobalt blue painted under the glaze.  Cordoned neck. 2.25” rim diameter. Lot numbers:  18CV271-8, 83, 86, 146, 234. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug or mug  with applied (sprigged) roundel prunt motifs outlined in cobalt-blue painted under the glaze. Lot numbers: 18KE292-10, 56, 191. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760). Just to the right of the angel’s wings are the initials SW (see detail).  The initials together on the right hand side in this manner generally indicate a 2 quart jug. Skerry and Hood (2009:50) date these SW marked jugs to the period between 1715 and 1740. Vessel 2317, from 18PR175. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760). Just to the right of the angel’s wings are the initials SW (see detail).  The initials together on the right hand side in this manner generally indicate a 2 quart jug. Skerry and Hood (2009:50) date these SW marked jugs to the period between 1715 and 1740. Vessel 2317, from 18PR175. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware ovoid jugs  with applied (sprigged) motifs with cobalt blue painted under the glaze.  Cordoned necks and bases and masks on jug necks.Vessel on left, with an applied human face mask is from the outbuilding at Smith's Ordinary and vessel dates c. 1680s. Vessel Number:  ST1-13-2434G/AA; Vessel on right, with applied lion face mask, is from the St. John’s Site and also dates to the 1680s.  Vessel Number: 18ST1-23-30.  Vessel has been partially restored.  Vessel heights: 7.75” (left) and 8.88” (right). Photo courtesy of Historic St. Mary's City, St. Mary's City, MD Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot  with applied rampant lion outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. 7.5” rim diameter. The chatter marks visible along the body of this vessel are indicative of 18th-century production. Lot number 18ST704-633. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot  with applied rampant lion outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. 7.5” rim diameter. The chatter marks visible along the body of this vessel are indicative of 18th-century production. Lot number 18ST704-633. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied  floral motifs and applied octagonal medallion of King William III (1689-1702).  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel dates to the reign of King William III. From 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (mug or jug)  with applied (sprigged) motifs with cobalt blue and manganese purple decoration painted under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with applied  tulips.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Similar motif used on vessel dated 1683 in Gaimster 1997:265. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware Jug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised) stems and cobalt-blue and manganese purple decoration painted under the glaze.  Possibly similar to complete vessel shown here.  Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese, from 18CV60. Complete similar example from Private collection shown on right. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware Jug with applied (sprigged) floral motifs with engraved (incised) stems and cobalt-blue and manganese purple decoration painted under the glaze.  Possibly similar to complete vessel shown here.  Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese, from 18CV60. Complete similar example from Private collection shown on right. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware mug or jug with applied blossoms and flowers and engraved stems. Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze from 18CV60. Probably similar to vessel shown to the right from private collection. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware mug or jug with applied blossoms and flowers and engraved stems. Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze from 18CV60. Probably similar to vessel shown to the right from private collection. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  spiral motif.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motif and engraved stems. Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motif.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motifs painted in cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze, from 18CV60. Complete vessel with similar motifs shown. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motifs painted in cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze, from 18CV60. Complete vessel with similar motifs shown. , from 18CV60 Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (jug or mug) with vertical applied (sprigged) panels in geometric foliate motif painted in cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze.Date Range:   Noel Hume (2001:106) dates the vertical paneled applied motifs to the last third of the seventeenth century, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with concentric rilling with manganese  around vessel neck.  Applied seal or medallion of indeterminate design and incised foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze.  Strap handle. 3.25” rim diameter. Lot numbers:18PR175-5.2264, 5.2574, 5.2633, 5.2912. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with concentric rilling with manganese  around vessel neck.  Applied seal or medallion of indeterminate design and incised foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze.  Strap handle. 3.25” rim diameter. Lot numbers:18PR175-5.2264, 5.2574, 5.2633, 5.2912. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with engraved foliage outlined in manganese under the glaze from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied  floral motif painted in manganese under the glaze from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware mug or jug with concentric rilling with manganese and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze.   4.5” rim diameter from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with concentric rilling with manganese decoration under the glaze.   Terminus of the strap handle is known as rat tail.   Lug hole at the top of the handle indicates the vessel once had a pewter or brass lid from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug with concentric rilling with manganese decoration under the glaze.   Terminus of the strap handle is known as rat tail.   Lug hole at the top of the handle indicates the vessel once had a pewter or brass lid from 18CV60 Angelica Knoll. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware  unidentified hollow vessel (probable jug) with incised foliage and stamped rosettes outlined with cobalt-blue under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60 1.441 and 1.442. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow vessel with incised foliage and stamped rosette outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow vessel with stamped rosette painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze. The chatter marks visible along the body of this vessel date its manufacture to the 18th century. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) foliage motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with applied medallion-type motif, painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (jug?) with engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (jug?) with engraved (incised) foliage painted cobalt-blue under the glaze. Lot numbers:  18CV60-1.434; 1.583. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (jug or mug) with engraved (incised) foliage and zigzag motif painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow  (mug or jug) with engraved (incised) checkered motif painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware jug with engraved (incised) foliage motif painted in cobalt-blue under the glaze.  Note thickened area of glaze along the upper left side of the vessel, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue.  2.75” rim diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard with applied blossoms and engraved stems painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue and manganese. 4.0” base diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankards with engraved motifs painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. Cordoned rims. Both vessels: 3.5” rim diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with stamped AR excise mark.  This mark stand for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714). Cordoned rim, from 18CV60. Vessel date 1702-1714. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard with engraved stems outlined in in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. 3.75” rim diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamberpot painted in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. 7.00” rim diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware chamber pot with engraved motif outlined in cobalt-blue  under the glaze.  Cordoned rim. Chamber pots made for export to Britain and its colonies are generally decorated with two sprig molded lions and other simple stamped rosettes (Skerry and Hood 2009:52). 7.25” rim diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware unidentified hollow vessel with engraved (incised) motifs and cobalt-blue painted decoration under the glaze, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue painted under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60-1.429., Complete vessels with similar motifs have been dated circa 1720. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware hollow (mug or jug) with engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue painted under the glaze. Lot number: 18CV60-1.429., Complete vessels with similar motifs have been dated circa 1720. Vessel shown is from http://martynedgell.com/index.php/product/westerwald-saltglaze-stoneware-jug-circa-1720/. http://flickrhivemind.net/Tags/stoneware,westerwald-The cobalt “P” on this vessel indicates the spa where it was filled. Gray-bodied salt glaze stoneware mineral water or wine bottle with strap handle.  Painted cobalt-blue under the glaze.  1.25” rim diameter, from 18CV60. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. Chatter marks are faintly visible above the handle, from 18CV60. The V or rat-tail shape handle terminal is a characteristic of a vessel produced in the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111). Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. Chatter marks are faintly visible above the handle, from 18CV60. The V or rat-tail shape handle terminal is a characteristic of a vessel produced in the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111). Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. 4.5” rim diameter. The rolled handle terminal of this tankard is a characteristic of vessels produced prior to the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111), from 18ST704. Images are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with cordoned rim and strap handle.  Painted under the glaze in cobalt-blue. 4.5” rim diameter. The rolled handle terminal of this tankard is a characteristic of vessels produced prior to the 18th century (Noel Hume 2001:111), from 18ST704. Images are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. Blue on gray stoneware jug with lug holes for a pewter or brass lid.  The incised “3” is an indication that this vessel held two quarts of liquid (Noel Hume 2001:103).  5” rim diameter, from 18WA20 Fort Frederick. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with applied AR medallion and engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Cordoned rim. This medallion stands for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714).  Vessel date 1702-1714, from 44YO205 John Bates Site. Photo courtesy of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Artifacts from private collection. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with applied AR medallion and engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Cordoned rim. This medallion stands for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714).  Vessel date 1702-1714, from 44YO205 John Bates Site. Photo courtesy of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Artifacts from private collection. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight-sided tankard  with applied AR medallion and engraved (incised) foliage outlined in cobalt-blue under the glaze. Cordoned rim. This medallion stands for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714).  Vessel date 1702-1714, from 44YO205 John Bates Site. Photo courtesy of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Artifacts from private collection. German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip. Lot 46, from 18AN944 Towne Neck. Complete example of Bellarmine bottle shown on right from a private collection. German brown salt glaze stoneware bottle with iron oxide slip.  Probably Bartmann bottle. Base diameter: 2.25”, from 18CV60. German brown salt glaze stoneware bottle with iron oxide slip.  Probably Bartmann bottle. Base diameter: 2.00”, from 18CV60. German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip. Unidentified fragmented medallion, from 18CV60. German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip. Unidentified fragmented medallion, from 18CV60. German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip, from 18CV60. Rhenish Brown stoneware bearded face Bennett's Point, 18QU28 /233.002. The use of cobalt blue on Bartmann bottles is most typical of examples produced in Frechen prior to 1620 (Skerry and Hood 2009:10). German brown stoneware Bartmann bottle with applied medallion and cobalt blue painting under the glaze. The medallion bears the date 1593, the initials RRK and depicts a double-headed eagle. This vessel would have been 14 to 15” in height. Sherd discovered off of Kent Island, possibly from disturbance of a now-submerged well from the William Claiborne Site, 18QU300. Photo courtesy of Darrin Lowery. German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip, from 18AST233 Old Chapel Field. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug with   applied  (sprigged) portrait of King William III (1694-1702). Date Range: 1694-1702, from 18CV60. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug with applied (sprigged) floral motif and engraved stem. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware typically produced c. 1675 to 1750, from 18CV60. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug  with applied (sprigged) floral motif and engraved (incised) stem, from 18CV60. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware jug or mug with  applied (sprigged) floral motif. Hӧhr Rhenish Stoneware typically produced c. 1675 to 1750, from 18CV60. German brown salt glaze stoneware Bartmann bottle with iron oxide slip. Lot 46, from 18AN944 Towne Neck. Complete example of Bellarmine bottle shown on right from a private collection. Rhenish brown salt glazed stoneware bellarmine style bottle from Old Baltimore, Courtesy U.S. Army Garrison, Aberdeen Proving Ground. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug  with applied AR medallion and engraved (incised) motifs outlined in cobalt-blue  and manganese under the glaze from 18DO58. This medallion stands for British monarch Queen Anne (1702-1714).  Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware hollow (jug or chamberpot) with applied round medallion molded with crowned GR cipher of King George I (1714-1727) or King George II (1727-1760).  Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware tankard with applied  hearts and diamonds.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze.  Rim diameter: 4.0”. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight sided tankard with applied  hearts and cordoning.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze.  Vessel diameter:  5.0”. Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware jug or mug with applied  tulips.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel diameter 4.0” to 4.5”.  Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese. Gray-bodied salt glazed stoneware straight sided tankard with applied  floral motif and cordoning.  Cobalt-blue and manganese under the glaze. Vessel diameter: 4.0”.  Vessel probably dates to second half of 17th century, based on the applied and incised motifs with cobalt blue and manganese.