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North Devon Gravel Tempered and Gravel Free


Gravel Versus Gravel-free Temper

Sherd cross sections showing gravel temper (upper) versus gravel free (lower) North Devon coarse earthenware. Note the grey core in each sherd-the result of reduced oxygen during firing.

Sherd cross sections showing gravel temper (upper) versus gravel free (lower) North Devon coarse earthenware.

Note the grey core in each sherd-the result of reduced oxygen during firing.

      Gravel Tempered




Angelica Knoll 18CV60
Site occupied c. 1650 - 1770

Damaged and split hollow vessel fragment showing gravel temper. Damaged vessel interior (left), undamaged exterior surface (middle), close-up of damage (right).    Damaged and split hollow vessel fragment showing gravel temper. Damaged vessel interior (left), undamaged exterior surface (middle), close-up of damage (right).    Damaged and split hollow vessel fragment showing gravel temper. Damaged vessel interior (left), undamaged exterior surface (middle), close-up of damage (right).

Damaged and split hollow vessel fragment showing
gravel temper. Damaged vessel interior (left) and undamaged exterior surface (middle).

 

North Devon gravel tempered storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 9” rim diameter.North Devon gravel tempered storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 9” rim diameter.

North Devon Gravel-Tempered Coarse Earthenware Pan. Lead glazed interior; (left) vessel diameter approximately 12" diameter.North Devon Gravel-Tempered Coarse Earthenware Pan. Lead glazed interior; (left) vessel diameter approximately 12" diameter.

North Devon gravel tempered storage jar. Glazed interior and
unglazed exterior.  Approximately 9” rim diameter.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan. Lead glazed
interior; (left) vessel diameter approximately 12" diameter.

North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 6.5” base diameter.North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 6.5” base diameter.

North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 17" rim diameter. North Devon gravel tempered pan rim sherd with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Approximately 17 inch rim diameter.


North Devon gravel tempered pan.  Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 6.5” base diameter.

North Devon gravel tempered pan.  Glazed interior and
unglazed exterior. Approximately 17" rim diameter.



North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 16" rim diameter. North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 16" rim diameter.Pan similar to this vessel. Redrawn from Grant 1983.
Pan similar to vessel on right.  Redrawn from Grant 1983.


Gravel-tempered rim sherd, Angelica Knolls, 18CV60/1.413. North Devon gravel-tempered earthenware pan rim sherd with lead glazed interior from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60/1.413. Rim diameter approximately 13 inches.

North Devon gravel tempered pan.  Glazed interior and unglazed
exterior. Approximately 16" rim diameter.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan.
Lead glazed interior; vessel diameter approximately 13"
diameter. 1.413

Melonfield 18CV169
c. 1660 - 1685

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 13” rim diameter.   North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 13” rim diameter.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan.  Glazed interior and unglazed exterior.
Approximately 13” rim diameter.


Patuxent Point 18CV271
c. 1658 - 1690s



  North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin. Glazed interior, unglazed exterior. 5.5” rim diameter , Lots 77, 80, 82. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin. Glazed interior, unglazed exterior. 5.5” rim diameter , Lots 77, 80, 82. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin. Glazed interior, unglazed exterior. 5.5” rim diameter , Lots 77, 80, 82. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware mended pipkin rim and body sherds, with glazed interior and unglazed exterior, from Patuxent Point site 18CV271. Rim diameter 5.5 inches, Lots 77, 80, 82." North Devon gravel tempered earthenware mended pipkin rim and body sherds, with glazed interior and unglazed exterior, from Patuxent Point site 18CV271. Rim diameter 5.5 inches, Lots 77, 80, 82." North Devon gravel tempered jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately --” base diameter.  North Devon gravel tempered jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately --” base diameter. North Devon gravel tempered mended sherds of a jar with glazed interior (left) and unglazed exterior (right) from the Patuxent Point site 18CV271. Approximately 5 inch base diameter. North Devon gravel tempered mended sherds of a jar with glazed interior (left) and unglazed exterior (right) from the Patuxent Point site 18CV271. Approximately 5 inch base diameter.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin. 
Glazed interior (left), unglazed exterior (right), top view (bottom). 5.5”rim diameter , Lots 77, 80, 82.

North Devon gravel tempered jar.  Glazed interior and
unglazed exterior. Approximately 5” base diameter.

Compton 18CV279
c. 1651 - 1685


 
North Devon Gravel Tempered Coarse Earthenware Basting or Baking Pan Vessel 10. Glazed on the interior. Rim, side and partial base of a shallow (2.5”) flat bottomed vessel.  A similar vessel (dimensions 15” x 11”) was recovered at Jamestown and pictured in Watkins (1960:42, Figure 21). The Jamestown baking pan was drape molded with a reinforced scalloped rim and a loop handle.            Similar to this mid-17th century basting pan recovered from an archaeological site in Bristol England shown on right. Similar to this mid-17th century basting pan recovered from an archaeological site in Bristol England shown on right.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware basting or baking pan, vessel 10.
Glazed on the interior.  Rim, side and partial base of a shallow (2.5”) flat bottomed vessel. 
A similar vessel (dimensions 15” x 11”) was recovered at Jamestown and
pictured in Watkins (1960:42, Figure 21).  Similar to this mid-17th century basting pan
recovered from an archaeological site in Bristol England shown on right.

The Jamestown baking pan was drape molded with a reinforced scalloped rim and a loop handle.


Buck Site 18KE292
c. 1660 - 1700

North Devon Gravel-Tempered Coarse Earthenware Pipkin. Unglazed exterior and glazed interior, 3 legged. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686.North Devon Gravel-Tempered Coarse Earthenware Pipkin. Unglazed exterior and glazed interior, 3 legged. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686.North Devon Gravel-Tempered Coarse Earthenware Pipkin. Unglazed exterior and glazed interior, 3 legged. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686.North Devon Gravel-Tempered Coarse Earthenware Pipkin. Unglazed exterior and glazed interior, 3 legged. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkins. Unglazed exterior and glazed interior, 3 legged.

While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage
represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686.


North Devon Gravel-Tempered Coarse Earthenware Pipkin. Glazed interior, unglazed exterior, 7.5” rim diameter. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686.

glazed interior, approximately 13” rim diameter. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin.
Glazed interior, unglazed exterior, 7.5” rim diameter.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan.
Unglazed exterior and glazed interior, approximately
13” rim diameter.

While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the
household of Henry Hosier, a merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686.


Coursey Site 18QU30
c. 1660-1730

North Devon gravel tempered jar.  Glazed interior, unglazed exterior. QV 19    North Devon gravel tempered jar.  Glazed interior, unglazed exterior. QV 19

North Devon gravel tempered pan, lead glazed interior, unglazed exterior-QV22.North Devon gravel tempered pan, lead glazed interior, unglazed exterior.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware jar.
Glazed interior, unglazed exterior. QV19

 

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan,
lead glazed interior, unglazed exterior. QV22

North Devon gravel tempered jar , lead glazed interior, unglazed exterior-QV26.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware jar , lead glazed interior, unglazed exterior. QV26


Charles Gift 18ST704
Borrow Pit- Feature 12 (1676 - c. 1694)

All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington


North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. 5.25” base diameter. Vessel 27, Lot 831. (side and bottom view)North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. 5.25” base diameter. Vessel 27, Lot 831. (side and bottom view) Chafing dish similar to this vessel. 


Chafing dish similar to this vessel. 
Redrawn from Grant 1983.

North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish. Glazed interior. Approximately 8.5” rim diameter. Vessel 27, Lot 831.North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish. Glazed interior. Approximately 8.5” rim diameter. Vessel 27, Lot 831.North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish. Glazed interior. Approximately 8.5” rim diameter. Vessel 27, Lot 831.


Chafing dish similar to this vessel. 
Redrawn from Grant 1983.


North Devon gravel tempered earthenware chafing dish.  Glazed
interior and unglazed exterior. 5.25” base diameter.
Vessel 27, Lot 831. (side and bottom view)

 

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware chafing dish.  Glazed
interior (left), exterior (center), profile (right).
Approximately 8.5” rim diameter.
Vessel 27, Lot 831.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Two pulled strap handles. Approximately 7.5” rim diameter. Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831.North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Two pulled strap handles. Approximately 7.5” rim diameter. Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831.
North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Two pulled strap handles. Approximately 7.5” rim diameter. Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831.  North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Two pulled strap handles. Approximately 7.5” rim diameter. Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831.  North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Two pulled strap handles. Approximately 7.5” rim diameter. Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831.  The Storage jar is similar to this vessel. Redrawn from Grant 1983.
The Storage jar is similar to this vesse shown on rightl. Redrawn from Grant 1983.

This illustrated storage jar redrawn from Grant 1983, is similar to the Charles Gift storage jar shown here.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. 6.5” rim diameter. Vessel 24, Lots 762, 798, 790, 944.North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. 6.5” rim diameter. Vessel 24, Lots 762, 798, 790, 944.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. 6.5” rim diameter. Vessel 24, Lots 762, 798, 790, 944.    The overall vessel shape of the drawn vessel is similar to the Charles Gift jar, but the rim treatment is different. Redrawn from Grant 1983.
The overall vessel shape of the drawn vessel is similar to the Charles Gift jar,
but the rim treatment is different. Redrawn from Grant 1983.



North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed
interior and unglazed exterior. Two pulled strap handles. Approximately
7.5” rim diameter. Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792,
798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831.

 

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed
interior and unglazed exterior. 6.5” rim diameter. Vessel 24,
Lots 762, 798, 790, 944.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. 4.25” base diameter. Vessel 25, Lots 657, 685, 684.


 

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 12” rim diameter. Vessel 12, Lots 629, 725.North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 12” rim diameter. Vessel 12, Lots 629, 725.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware
storage jar.  Glazed interior and unglazed exterior.
4.25” base diameter. Vessel 25, Lots 657, 685, 684.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan. 
Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately
12” rim diameter. Vessel 12, Lots 629, 725.

 

North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 13” rim diameter. Vessel 06, Lot 636. North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 13” rim diameter. Vessel 06, Lot 636. North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 12” rim diameter, Vessel 14, Lots 761, 763, 684, 763.North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 12” rim diameter, Vessel 14, Lots 761, 763, 684, 763.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan. Glazed interior
and unglazed exterior. Approximately 13” rim diameter.
Vessel 06, Lot 636.

 

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan.  Glazed
interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately
12” rim diameter, Vessel 14, Lots 761, 763, 684, 763.

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Vessel 26, Lots 770, 771 773, 777.North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Vessel 26, Lots 770, 771 773, 777.North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Vessel 26, Lots 770, 771 773, 777.North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Vessel 26, Lots 770, 771 773, 777.    Pipkin similar to this vessel. Redrawn from Grant 1983.

Pipkin similar to this vessel.      
  Redrawn from Grant 1983.     

North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin.  Glazed interior and unglazed exterior.
Vessel 26, Lots 770, 771 773, 777.

All images from Charles Gift site 18ST704, are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington

      Gravel-Free




Smith Site 18CV92
1660s-1690s

 

 

North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware milk pan. Lead glazed interior (upper); unglazed exterior (lower), vessel diameter approximately 12” rim diameter.Square 2709. North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware milk pan. Lead glazed interior (upper); unglazed exterior (lower), vessel diameter approximately 12” rim diameter.Square 2709.

North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware hollow vessel. Lead glazed interior (left); unglazed exterior (right), vessel diameter approximately 9” rim diameter. Square 2756.North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware hollow vessel. Lead glazed interior (left); unglazed exterior (right), vessel diameter approximately 9” rim diameter. Square 2756.

North Devon gravel-free earthenware milk pan.
Lead glazed interior (upper right); unglazed exterior (left), vessel diameter approximately 12” rim diameter. Square 2709.

North Devon gravel-free earthenware hollow vessel. Lead glazed interior (left); unglazed exterior (right), vessel diameter
approximately 9” rim diameter. Square 2756.

 

North Devon Gravel-free Coarse Earthenware Hollow (probable pan). Lead glazed interior (left); unglazed exterior (right), approximately 10“ rim diameter. Damage to the left side of the sherd reveals the grey inner core caused by oxygen reduction during firing. Square 2855.         North Devon Gravel-free Coarse Earthenware Hollow (probable pan). Lead glazed interior (left); unglazed exterior (right), approximately 10“ rim diameter. Damage to the left side of the sherd reveals the grey inner core caused by oxygen reduction during firing. Square 2855.

North Devon gravel-free earthenware hollow (probable pan).
Lead glazed interior (left); unglazed exterior (right), approximately 10“ rim diameter.
Damage to the left side of the interior sherd reveals the grey inner core caused by oxygen reduction during firing. Square 2855.


North Devon Earthenwares in Delaware

Gravel-tempered rim sherd, interior (left) and exterior (right), bowl. Delaware site 7K-D-48. Gravel-tempered rim sherd, interior (left) and exterior (right), bowl. Delaware site 7K-D-48. Gravel-tempered rim sherd, interior (left) and exterior (right), bowl. Delaware site 7K-D-48. Gravel-tempered rim sherd, interior (left) and exterior (right), bowl. Delaware site 7K-D-48.

Gravel-tempered sherd, exterior (left) and interior (right), indeterminate vessel. Delaware site 7K-E-78. Gravel-tempered sherd, exterior (left) and interior (right), indeterminate vessel. Delaware site 7K-E-78. Gravel-tempered sherd, exterior (left) and interior (right), indeterminate vessel. Delaware site 7K-E-78.

Gravel-tempered rim sherd, interior (left) and exterior (right),
bowl. Delaware site 7K-D-48.

 

Gravel-tempered sherd, exterior (left) and interior (right),
indeterminate vessel. Delaware site 7K-E-78.
Gravel-tempered, exterior (left) and interior (right), indeteminate vessel. Delaware site 7NC-G-26. Gravel-tempered, exterior (left) and interior (right), indeteminate vessel. Delaware site 7NC-G-26. Gravel-tempered, exterior (left) and interior (right), indeteminate vessel. Delaware site 7NC-G-26.

Gravel-tempered ovoid storage jar. Delaware Townsend Site (7S-G-2).

Gravel-tempered, exterior (left) and interior (right), indeteminate
vessel. Delaware site 7NC-G-26.

 

Gravel-tempered ovoid storage jar.
Delaware Townsend Site (7S-G-2).

Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), jar. Delaware site 7NC-F-13.   Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), jar. Delaware site 7NC-F-13.

Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), pan. Delaware site 7NC-F-13.   Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), pan. Delaware site 7NC-F-13.

Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), jar.
Delaware site 7NC-F-13.

Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), pan.
Delaware site 7NC-F-13.


Button links to North Devon Delaware Essay. Button links to North Devon in Delaware Essay.

Back to: Top | Ware Description

Gravel-tempered sherd, exterior (left) and interior (right), indeterminate vessel. Delaware site 7K-E-78. Gravel-tempered, exterior (left) and interior (right), indeteminate vessel. Delaware site 7NC-G-26. Gravel-tempered ovoid storage jar. Delaware Townsend Site (7S-G-2).


Copyright 2002 by Maryland Archaeological Conservation Lab

Updated: 02/28/16

Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), jar. Delaware site 7NC-F-13. Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), jar. Delaware site 7NC-F-13. Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), pan. Delaware site 7NC-F-13. Gravel-tempered, interior (left) and exterior (right), pan. Delaware site 7NC-F-13. Sherd cross sections showing gravel temper (upper) versus gravel free (lower) North Devon coarse earthenware. Note the grey core in each sherd-the result of reduced oxygen during firing. North Devon damaged and split hollow vessel fragment showing gravel temper from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Damaged vessel interior (left), undamaged exterior surface (middle), close-up of damage (right). North Devon damaged and split hollow vessel fragment showing gravel temper from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Damaged vessel interior (left), undamaged exterior surface (middle), close-up of damage (right). North Devon damaged and split hollow vessel fragment showing gravel temper from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Damaged vessel interior (left), undamaged exterior surface (middle), close-up of damage (right). North Devon gravel tempered storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Approximately 9 inch rim diameter. North Devon gravel tempered storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Approximately 9 inch rim diameter. North Devon gravel-tempered coarse earthenware pan with lead glazed interior (left) from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Vessel diameter has approximately 12 inch diameter. North Devon gravel-tempered coarse earthenware pan with lead glazed interior (left) from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Vessel diameter has approximately 12 inch diameter. North Devon gravel tempered pan with glazed interior (left) and unglazed exterior (right) from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Approximately 6.5 inch base diameter. North Devon gravel tempered pan with glazed interior (left) and unglazed exterior (right) from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Approximately 6.5 inch base diameter. North Devon gravel tempered mended pan sherds with glazed interior (left) and unglazed exterior (right) from Angelica Knolls site 18CV60. Approximately 16 inch rim diameter. Illustration of similar pan vessel redrawn from Grant 1983. North Devon gravel tempered pan. Glazed interior and unglazed exterior. Approximately 16" rim diameter. Pan similar to this vessel. Redrawn from Grant 1983. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan rim sherd with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from Melonfield site 18CV169. Approximately 13 inch rim diameter. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware mended pipkin rim and body sherds, with glazed interior and unglazed exterior, from Patuxent Point site 18CV271. Rim diameter 5.5 inches, Lots 77, 80, 82. North Devon gravel-tempered coarse earthenware basting or baking pan rim, side and partial base of a shallow, flat bottomed vessel sherd,(2.5 inches) glazed on the interior from the Compton site 18CV279-31. A similar vessel (dimensions 15 inch x 11 inch) was recovered at Jamestown and pictured in Watkins (1960:42, Figure 21), A mid-17th century basting pan similar to the Jamestown vessel, recovered from an archaeological site in Bristol England is shown on right. The Jamestown baking pan was drape molded with a reinforced scalloped rim and a loop handle.>
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<map name= North Devon gravel-tempered coarse earthenware mended 3 legged pipkin with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Buck Site 18KE292. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686. North Devon gravel-tempered coarse earthenware mended 3 legged pipkin with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Buck Site 18KE292. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686. North Devon gravel-tempered coarse earthenware mended 3 legged pipkin with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Buck Site 18KE292. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686. North Devon gravel-tempered coarse earthenware mended 3 legged pipkin with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Buck Site 18KE292. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686. North Devon gravel-tempered coarse earthenware mended pipkin with glazed interior, unglazed exterior and a 7.5 inch rim diameter from the Buck Site 18KE292. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686. North Devon gravel-tempered coarse earthenware mended pan rim with glazed interior, unglazed exterior and approximately 13 inch rim diameter, from the Buck Site 18KE292. While this site is conservatively dated c. 1660-1700, it is likely the assemblage represents the household of Henry Hosier, merchant, who occupied the site c. 1671-1686. North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish base with glazed interior and unglazed exterior (side and bottom view), with a 5.25 inch base diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST701-Vessel 27, Lot 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish base with glazed interior and unglazed exterior (side and bottom view), with a 5.25 inch base diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST701-Vessel 27, Lot 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. Chafing dish redrawn from Grant 1983,is similar to the Charles Gift chafing dish. Illustration of a chafing dish similar to the Charles Gift chafing dish, redrawn from Grant 1983. North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish body sherd with glazed interior and unglazed exterior (side, front and back views), with approximately 8.5 inch rim diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST701-Vessel 27, Lot 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish body sherd with glazed interior and unglazed exterior (side, front and back views), with approximately 8.5 inch rim diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST701-Vessel 27, Lot 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered chafing dish body sherd with glazed interior and unglazed exterior (side, front and back views), with approximately 8.5 inch rim diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST701-Vessel 27, Lot 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior with approximately 7.5 inch rim diameter and two pulled strap handles from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior with approximately 7.5 inch rim diameter and two pulled strap handles from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior with approximately 7.5 inch rim diameter and two pulled strap handles from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior with approximately 7.5 inch rim diameter and two pulled strap handles from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior with approximately 7.5 inch rim diameter and two pulled strap handles from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 22, Lots 720, 753, 778, 790, 792, 798, 825, 827, 828, 829, 831. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and a 6.5 inch rim diameter from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 24, Lots 762, 798, 790, 944. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and a 6.5 inch rim diameter from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 24, Lots 762, 798, 790, 944. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and a 6.5 inch rim diameter from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 24, Lots 762, 798, 790, 944. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. This illustrated overall shape of the vessel redrawn from Grant 1983, is similar to the Charles Gift jar, but the rim treatment is different. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware storage jar with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and a 4.25 inch base diameter from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 25, Lots 657, 685, 684. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan rim sherds with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and an approximate 12 inch rim diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 12, Lots 629, 725. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan rim sherds with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and an approximate 12 inch rim diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 12, Lots 629, 725. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan rim sherd with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and an approximate 13 inch rim diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 06, Lot 636. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan rim sherd with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and an approximate 13 inch rim diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 06, Lot 636. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan rim sherds with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and an approximate 12 inch rim diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 14, Lots 761, 763, 684, 763. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan rim sherds with glazed interior and unglazed exterior and an approximate 12 inch rim diameter, from the Charles Gift site 18ST704-Vessel 14, Lots 761, 763, 684, 763. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Charles Gift site 18ST704, Vessel 26, Lots 770, 771, 773, 777. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Charles Gift site 18ST704, Vessel 26, Lots 770, 771, 773, 777. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Charles Gift site 18ST704, Vessel 26, Lots 770, 771, 773, 777. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pipkin with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Charles Gift site 18ST704, Vessel 26, Lots 770, 771, 773, 777. All images from this site are Courtesy of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington. This illustration of a pipkin redrawn from Grant 1983 is similar to the Charles Gift pipkin shown here. North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware milk pan rim sherd with lead glazed interior (left), and unglazed exterior (right), and an approximate 12 inch rim diameter from the Smith Site 18CV92-2709, square 2709. North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware milk pan rim sherd with lead glazed interior (left), and unglazed exterior (right), and an approximate 12 inch rim diameter from the Smith Site 18CV92-2709, square 2709. North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware hollow vessel rim sherd with lead glazed interior (left), and unglazed exterior (right), and an approximate 9 inch rim diameter from the Smith Site 18CV92, square 2756. North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware hollow vessel rim sherd with lead glazed interior (left), and unglazed exterior (right), and an approximate 9 inch rim diameter from the Smith Site 18CV92, square 2756. North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware hollow vessel (probably pan) rim sherd with lead glazed interior (left), and unglazed exterior (right), and an approximate 10 inch rim diameter from the Smith Site 18CV92, square 2855 - damage to the left side of the interior sherd reveals the grey inner core caused by oxygen reduction during firing. North Devon gravel-free coarse earthenware hollow vessel (probably pan) rim sherd with lead glazed interior (left), and unglazed exterior (right), and an approximate 10 inch rim diameter from the Smith Site 18CV92, square 2855 - damage to the left side of the interior sherd reveals the grey inner core caused by oxygen reduction during firing. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware pan rim sherd with glazed interior and unglazed exterior from Melonfield site 18CV169. Approximately 13 inch rim diameter. Pan similar to this vessel. Redrawn from Grant 1983. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware mended jar (incomplete) with a glazed interior (left) and unglazed exterior (right - shown unmended) from the Coursey Site 18QU30-QV 19. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware mended jar (incomplete) with a glazed interior (left) and unglazed exterior (right - shown unmended) from the Coursey Site 18QU30-QV 19. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware mended pan with lead glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Coursey Site 18QU30-QV22. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware mended pan with lead glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Coursey Site 18QU30-QV22. North Devon gravel tempered earthenware mended jar (incomplete) with a lead-glazed interior and unglazed exterior from the Coursey Site 18QU30-QV26.