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Clouded and Tortoiseshell Refined Earthenware


Banneker 18BA282
Mid-18th to early 19th century African American farmstead


Clouded and tortoiseshell patterns on body sherds from various unidentified vessels from 18BA282 Banneker.        Clouded and tortoiseshell patterns on body sherds from various unidentified vessels from 18BA282 Banneker.        Clouded and tortoiseshell patterns on body sherds from various unidentified vessels from 18BA282 Banneker.

Clouded and tortoiseshell patterns on body sherds from various unidentified vessels.


Oxon Hill 18PR175
(ca. 1710 - ca. 1750)


Queenstown Courthouse 18QU124
1708 to present


Tortoiseshell cream colored earthenware sherds, Oxon Hill, 18PR175, vessel # 274, Area I Well (ca. 1710 - ca. 1750). Tortoiseshell cream colored earthenware sherd, Oxon Hill, 18PR175, vessel # 274, Area I Well (ca. 1710 - ca. 1750). Paste shot of clouded, tortoiseshell colored sherd from 18PR175. Tortoiseshell cream colored earthenware cup in common or Chinese shape. Rim diameter: 3.25”; Base diameter:  1.50”; Vessel height:  1.75”, from 18QU124.

Tortoiseshell cream colored earthenware
sherds, Oxon Hill, 18PR175,
vessel# 274 - Area I Well.

Paste shot of clouded ware colored
earthenware sherd from
18PR175 - Area 1 Well.

Tortoiseshell cream colored earthenware cup in common or Chinese shape. Rim diameter: 3.25”; Base diameter:  1.50”; Vessel height:  1.75”.


Hanley 7


Hanley 9

------------- Collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England --------------
Clouded creamware cup, 3” rim diameter.  Vessel has colorless lead glaze on the interior - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Clouded creamware cup, 3” rim diameter.  Vessel has colorless lead glaze on the interior - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Clouded ware teapot lid - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Saucer base footring. This vessel has a tortoiseshell pattern on both the interior and exterior. Collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England.

Clouded ware cup, 3” rim diameter. Vessel
has colorless lead glaze on the interior.

Clouded ware teapot lid.

Saucer base footring. This vessel has a tortoiseshell pattern on both the interior
and exterior.


Hanley 9

Collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England

Plate fragments with clouded pattern on interiors/front of plates and tortoiseshell pattern on  reverse/backs - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England.

  Top:  Possible teapot base. This vessel has a clouded pattern on the interior (left) and a tortoiseshell pattern on its exterior (right) - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England.

Plate fragments with clouded pattern on interiors/front of plates (left) and tortoiseshell
pattern on reverse/backs (right).

Top:  Possible teapot base. This vessel has a clouded pattern on the interior (left) and a tortoiseshell pattern on its exterior (right).

Bottom:  Plate marley fragment with
clouded pattern on interior/front
of plate (left) and tortoiseshell pattern
on reverse/back (right).


Hanley 9

Collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England



Private Collection

Clouded ware, sprig molded - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire. Clouded ware, sprig molded - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire.                    c. 1775 teapot by William Greatbatch, pictured in Barker and Halfpenny 1990:39. c. 1775 teapot by William Greatbatch, pictured in Barker and Halfpenny 1990:39. Clouded ware teapot, sprig molded, from a private collection.

Clouded ware, sprig molded.
Perhaps similar to this c. 1775 teapot by William Greatbatch, (shown on right)
pictured in Barker and Halfpenny 1990:39.

Clouded ware teapot, sprig molded,
from a private collection.


Sprig molding was often used in conjunction with clouded or tortoiseshell glazes (Barker and Halfpenny 1990:36).  Perhaps
the fragment is similar to the c. 1775 teapot, shown in center, by William Greatbatch, pictured in Barker and Halfpenny 1990:39.


Back to: Top | Ware Description


Copyright 2002 by Maryland Archaeological Conservation Lab
Updated: 02/28/15

Enamelled Table Service Drawing Book, Plate 904 n.d., from Leeds Pattern Book. Enamelled Table Service Drawing Book, Plate 915 n.d., from Leeds Pattern Book. Overglaze printed creamware  teapot sherds from 18AN39. Bat transfer printed body sherds, vessel #6212 from 18PR175. Bat transfer printed body sherds, vessel #6213 from 18PR175. Engine turned creamware mug with green rouletted bands- c. 1800 from a Private collection. Creamware pitcher with sprig molded designs on a marbleized variegated surface - Private collection. Top view of unglazed waster spoon bowl Collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Side view of unglazed waster spoon bowl Collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Illustration from Griffin 2005:130 Shown as teaspoon or mustard spoon (Number 129) in Leeds Pottery book first published in 1783 and reprinted in 1794. Molded creamware dolphin body collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England, possibly part of candlestick similar to one shown (middle) in 1794 edition of Designs of Sundry Articles of Queen’s or Cream-Colour’d Earthenware. Could also be part of a tazza (right). Leeds Example p. 128 of Dolphin body candlestick. Dolphin Tazza shown on right from http://www.historicfood.com/ Small mold – jelly, blancmange or flummery collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Glazed and unglazed examples with Diamond beaded border (Cox 2005). The glazed example (left) is a plate and the unglazed example (right) is a dish (platter) collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Glazed and unglazed examples with Diamond beaded border (Cox 2005). The glazed example (left) is a plate and the unglazed example (right) is a dish (platter) collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Unidentified hollow form with a rolled rim, 5” rim diameter collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Unidentified hollow vessel, 4.5” rim diameter. Possible butter tub (P, 182 leeds book volume I) or top pan for a veilleuse 9 see Buten Wedgwood book page 50 collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Small mold – jelly, blancmange or flummery collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Unidentified hollow vessel with strainer and spout, 8” rim diameter. Note footring at base of vessel in right photo. Dairy ware – cheese making? Collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Unidentified hollow vessel with strainer and spout, 8” rim diameter. Note footring at base of vessel in right photo. Dairy ware – cheese making? Collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Dairy cream separator. 19th century Irish dairy creamer. Milk strainer pail c. 1870s Small ladle, 2.0” diameter. Probably for gravy or sauce. Possibly like the illustration on the right.Collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Small ladle, 2.0” diameter. Probably for gravy or sauce. Possibly like the illustration on the right.Collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Small ladle, 2.0” diameter. Probably for gravy or sauce. Possibly like the illustration on the right. Collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986 Illustration from 1790 Wedgwood catalogue (Mankowitz). Possible basket stand. Collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Round hollow vessel, 2.75” rim diameter. Probable sweetmeat dish, possibly similar to illustration on right. Collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Illustration from Wedgwood 1790 catalogue of creamware shapes. Mankowitz : plate 6. Eye Cup, example on right shown on page 148 of Leeds book - Designs of Sundry Articles of Queen’s or Cream-Colour’d Earthenware (1814 edition). #216 , Collected at site of Neale & Co. and Wilson (active 1778-1816) by George Miller in 1986. Eye Cup from page 148 of Leeds book - Designs of Sundry Articles of Queen’s or Cream-Colour’d Earthenware (1814 edition). #216 Undecorated, oval dish with straight sides, 1.5” tall. Possibly a dish for potted meat. Collected by George Miller at site of Ridgway and Abington in Hanley in 1986. Clouded and tortoiseshell patterns on body sherds from various unidentified vessels from 18BA282 Banneker. Clouded and tortoiseshell patterns on body sherds from various unidentified vessels from 18BA282 Banneker. Clouded and tortoiseshell patterns on body sherds from various unidentified vessels from 18BA282 Banneker. Clouded ware teapot lid - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Saucer base footring. This vessel has a tortoiseshell pattern on both the interior and exterior. Collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Plate fragments with clouded pattern on interiors/front of plates and tortoiseshell pattern on  reverse/backs - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Top:  Possible teapot base. This vessel has a clouded pattern on the interior (left) and a tortoiseshell pattern on its exterior (right) - collected by George L. Miller in 1986 in Staffordshire, England. Clouded ware teapot, sprig molded, from a private collection.