Introduction

The Market Master House (18PR983) was built by Christopher Lowndes, an English merchant after he purchased the property in 1760.  The structure functioned as both a residence and a commercial store.   Historic occupations at the site span the mid 18th through the 20th centuries.  Evidence of prehistoric camps dating to the Late Archaic and Woodland periods is supported by site archaeology.

Archaeological Investigations

The Maryland State Highway Administration and URS Corporation, Inc. undertook archeological investigations at the Market Master House property (18PR983).  Field investigations included the excavation of one mechanical trench, 53 STPs and 18 5x5 foot square test units.  1,303 prehistoric artifacts and 35,142 historic and modern artifacts were recovered.  Twenty –two historic cultural features were identified.  Historic occupation of the site was confirmed to include middle to late 18th to 20th century deposits.

Archeobotanical Studies

Eight flotation samples were processed and analyzed from the Market Master House excavations.  A total of 36 liters of soil was processed.  Sixteen additional samples of archeobotanical material were hand collected.  Analysis was conducted by Kathleen Furgerson.

The recovered assemblage includes 6, 280 remains (6,096 from flotation and 184 hand-collected).  Wood fragments comprise 96 percent of the assemblage, followed by miscellaneous carbon (three percent), seeds (one percent) and nutshell (0.03 percent).  Both carbonized and unburned plant remains were included in the analysis.  Wood dominated by pine species.  Hickory and black walnut nutshells recovered.  Carbonized plum or cherry was identified.  All other seeds were unburned and may represent modern intrusions.

Analysis of pollen samples from was undertaken by Vaughn Bryant (Texas A&M).  Fossil pollen preservation was extremely bad and the presence of fossil pollen was either nonexistent or consisted of one or two very badly degraded grains.

References

Crowl, Heather, Benjamin Stewart, Carey O'Reilly, Kathleen Furgerson
2012
Bladensburg Archaeological Investigations: Magruder House (18PR982), Market Master House (18PR983), and Indian Queen Tavern Site (18PR96), Prince George's County, Maryland. SHA Archeological Report No. 432 (URS Corporation) MHT # PR 593.
Bryant, Vaughn
2011
Pollen Analysis.  MHA Indian Queen and Market Master House Site, Maryland.  Palynology Laboratory, Texas A&M University.  Bladensburg Archaeological Investigations: Magruder House (18PR982), Market Master House (18PR983), and Indian Queen Tavern Site (18PR96), Prince George's County, Maryland.  By Heather Crowl, B. Steward, C. O’Reilly, and K. Furgerson.  SHA Archeological Report No. 432 (URS Corporation) MHT # PR 593.
Furgerson, Kathleen
2012 Archeobotanical Analysis Report.  Appendix F.  Bladensburg Archaeological Investigations: Magruder House (18PR982), Market Master House (18PR983), and Indian Queen Tavern Site (18PR96), Prince George's County, Maryland.  By Heather Crowl, B. Steward, C. O’Reilly, and K. Furgerson.  SHA Archeological Report No. 432 (URS Corporation) MHT # PR 593.
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