Introduction

The Tuscarora M&R site (18FR615) was a Middle and Late Archaic period short-term camp focused on lithic procurement and manufacturing.

Archaeological Investigations

The site was first identified during a Phase I survey in 1988. The survey involved two episodes of surface collection that located a small concentration of lithic artifacts.

Phase II testing commenced with the mechanical removal of the overburden from 20% of the surface area of the site. This testing was accomplished via backhoe trenches (1.8m by 61 m). Twelve cultural features were identified. These included 11 storage or trash pits and a postmold. The features were devoid of artifacts, but all of the non-post features contained carbonized plant food remains (nuts and seeds).

Aside from archeobotanical remains, lithics comprise the only artifact type recovered from the Tuscarora M&R site. These included twelve quartz flakes, 5 quartzite flakes, 43 rhyolite flakes, 17 modified chunks/blocks, 2 unmodified chunks/blocks, 13 bifaces/biface fragments, 3 rhyolite projectile points, 1 quartz core, 3 quartzite choppers, 1 rhyolite drill fragment, and 1 sandstone abrading stone. Diagnostic artifacts include a Stanley-like point and two Bare Island points. These artifacts are representative of a Middle-Late Archaic occupation.

Archeobotanical Studies

Eleven flotation samples derived from eleven features (Features 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12) were submitted to Cheryl Holt for analysis. The presence of small wood charcoal fragments, nutshell fragments, and seeds was noted. A total of 52 carbonized seeds and 3 nutshell fragments representing 18 different taxa were identified. Important comestible taxa documented in the Tuscarora assemblage include sumac and hickory.

References

Ballweber, Hettie L.
1990 Archaeological Investigations at the CNG Tuscarora Measuring and Regulating Station Site (18FR615), Frederick County, Maryland (Phases I and II). NPW Consultants, Inc., for the CNG Transmission Corporation.
 
Holt, Cheryl
1990 Ethnobotanical Analysis of Feature Flotation Samples from Site 18FR615. Appendix IV to Archaeological Investigations at the CNG Tuscarora Measuring and Regulating Station Site (18FR615), Frederick County, Maryland (Phases I and II). NPW Consultants, Inc., for the CNG Transmission Corporation.
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