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Two photo images of iron buckles:Iron Buckles, Date: ca. 1690-1730, Site Name: Addison Plantation , Site Number:18PR175/7577, 9608 - Small and medium-sized iron buckles could be used on the many different straps that secured saddles on horses. These include girth straps, which pass under the horse’s belly to secure the saddle, breast collars, which prevent the saddle from sliding too far back, cruppers, which extend from the back of the saddle to loop around the tail and prevent the saddle from sliding forward, and stirrup leathers, which hang from the saddle and need to be adjustable so that the stirrups are held at the right height for the rider’s leg.; Large Iron Buckles, Date: ca. 1700-1790, Site Name: Saunders Point, Site Number:18AN39/165 - Large iron buckles such as these were probably used on horse harness for driving a vehicle such as a cart or carriage. Harness straps tended to be more heavy-duty than the tack used for saddle horses, because they had to withstand the force of pulling the vehicle. Harness buckles needed to be large and strong enough to accommodate  such robust straps. Two prints that show various elements of horse tack with buckles, caption reads:Plates from Diderot and Alembert’s Encyclopedie (1751-1765) show various elements of horse tack that require buckles. On Plate XXVII these include stirrup leathers (Fig. 1), girth straps (Fig. 2), a slavering bit (Fig. 3), and the bridle and reins (Fig. 4). Plate XXIX shows buckles on a crupper (Fig. 1) and breast collar (Fig. 3). Diderot images courtesy of the Robert Charles Lawrence Ferguson Collection, the Society of the Cincinnati, Washington, DC. 
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