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Bowl & Ointment Pots - Claire’s surgery is outfitted with all kinds of containers and bowls for mixing and storing remedies in the Outlander series. Some containers, such as ointment pots, were probably always intended for medicinal use, while other bowls and dishes might have been equally useful in the kitchen or at the dinner table. Fortunately for archaeologists, ceramic dishes of the 18th century broke with relative frequency, and their appearance in trash heaps offers rich evidence of the kinds of wares used throughout the households of colonial Maryland.; photo image of a stoneware bowl:Nottingham Stoneware Bowl, Date: ca. 1730-1790, Site Name: Pleasant Prospect, Site Number: 18PR705/662 - The lustrous salt glaze on the surface of this Nottingham stoneware bowl gives it the appearance of burnished bronze.  Nottingham stoneware was being made in England from the late 17th to the early 19th century. Although this bowl is quite plain, many Nottingham stoneware vessels were elaborately decorated with engine turning, molding, sprigging, piercings, raised cordons and bands of ground clay bits called rustications.  Many fragments of this type of ceramic found on archaeological sites in Maryland were from tankards or mugs; this shape is more unusual.  This vessel is the right shape to be pressed into service as a patty pan, which was used for baking meat and vegetable pies called patties or pasties, but bowl-shaped dishes could have had a number of different uses in the 18th century, just like they do today. This bowl was recovered from the Pleasant Prospect Site, a tobacco plantation occupied by a rising middle-class planter, Richard Duckett, and his family between 1730 and 1790.; photo images of 2 ointment pots:Ointment Pot, Date: ca. 1700-1790, Site Name: Saunders Point, Site Number:18AN39; Ointment Pot, Date: ca. 1670-1770, Site Name: Angelica Knoll, Site Number: 18CV60/1.337 - These two small white vessels were known as ointment or dispensing pots.  They were used to hold medical ointments, often made from animal fats and other ingredients, which would have been dispensed in small quantities.  They could have also held other semi-liquid products, like perfume.  Circles of paper or leather could be tied around the everted lip to seal the pot. Around the turn of the nineteenth century, these vessels became less common as they were replaced by wooden boxes and glass containers. Photo of a late 17th-century surgery, with closups of certain sections:This depiction of the interior of a late 17th-century surgery (above) illustrates the myriad bottles, vials, dishes, and small jars that could be put to use for medical purposes (details at left). The variety of closures is also evident, such as corks, paper stoppers, and paper, fabric, or leather jar covers.; Interior of a surgery with two operators, one letting blood from a man's arm, the other giving treatment to a man's back. After David Teniers the Younger. Wellcome Library, London.
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