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Coins - Jamie Fraser carried coins in his sporran in the Outlander series, along with other personal items. That fits with typical 18th-century practices, since it was convenient to carry some cash for small transactions while other purchases were made on credit in ledger books. In early colonial Maryland, purchases were typically recorded in pounds of tobacco, and people lived in debt to various creditors until the tobacco crops came in. That does not mean coins were never used, though. Historical and archaeological evidence shows that Maryland colonists did have some cash on hand, especially coins minted in England, Spain, or the Spanish colonies. Images of Coins: Silver William III Sixpence, Date: ca. 1696, Site Name: King’s Reach, Site Number: 18CV83/408; Silver Elizabeth I Sixpence, Date: Illegible (Minted 1558-1603), Site Name: Angelica Knoll, Site Number:18CV60; Silver Bolivian Real, Potosi Mint, Date: 1678, Site Name: Smith’s St. Leonard, Site Number: 18CV91/377; Copper Alloy George I Halfpenny, Date: 1723, Site Name: Ft. Frederick, Site Number: 18WA20/123.001; Copper Alloy William III Halfpenny, Date: 1700, Site Name: Angelica Knoll, Site Number: 18CV60; Copper Alloy George I Halfpenny, Date: 1720, Site Name: Preston’s Cliff, Site Number: 18CV7/2; Silver Spanish Pistareen 1 Real, Cut in Half, Madrid Mint, Date: 1719, Site Name: Roberts, Site Number: 18CV350/90 - Maryland’s colonists bought more on book credit than with cash, but what cash they did have could be fairly diverse. Coins came to Maryland with settlers and traders from England, the West Indies, and mainland colonies like Pennsylvania and Delaware, whose inhabitants often came from countries like the Netherlands, Germany, and Sweden. Spanish coins, including those from Spain’s South American colonies, were perhaps the most widely recognized form of hard currency, and they were abundant in 18th-century Maryland. It could be confusing to keep track of the value of all of this foreign currency, especially when coins were cut and clipped into fractions to make change. For example, unscrupulous traders could make an easy profit on a Spanish eight-reales  coin, also known as a piece-of-eight, if they carefully cut the coin into nine or 10 pieces instead of eight, passing each one off as worth one real.  So while today’s culture often thinks of valuable pirate treasure when pieces-of-eight are mentioned, historically cut pieces-of-eight were a risky bet thanks to clever clippers. Savvy merchants therefore used scales and weights to measure gold and silver coins before they were exchanged. Illustration of a set of scales and weights that came in compact wooden boxes, Titled:Got Counterfeit Coins? Text reads:Small sets of scales and weights that came in compact wooden boxes were used to measure gold and silver coins. When a suspicious coin did not balance with the weight marked to represent it, the coin could be fake or the target of illicit metal removal.