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Buttons - Buttons are relatively common finds on 18th-century sites in Maryland, which is not surprising considering just how many buttons men wore at the time. The standard three-piece suit of the 18th century consisted of a waistcoat, coat, and breeches, all of which fastened with buttons. Even for the male characters of Outlander, who typically replaced the breeches portion of the suit with a kilt, dozens of buttons were worn daily. Image of coat buttons: Coat Buttons, Date: ca. 1750-1780, Site Name: Ft. Frederick, Site Number:18WA20/400 - The coat was the outermost layer of an 18th-century man’s three-piece suit and buttons were a major component, serving as fasteners and decoration. The coat itself was generally long, with the hem falling at the knee. Some had buttons from neck to hem to fasten the front, while other coats had no buttons below the waist. Buttons were used elsewhere on the coat as well, such as cuffs, pockets, and back vents. It is therefore not surprising that a site like Ft. Frederick, which had many men in residence during the French and Indian War of the 1750s and the American Revolution, has a lot of coat buttons in its archaeological collection. As men went about their daily lives and chores, such buttons were no doubt lost regularly. When recovered by archaeologists centuries later, these buttons can be identified as having come from a coat thanks to their relatively large diameter of 1” or more.; Image of waistcoat or breeches buttons: Waistcoat or Breeches Buttons, Date: ca. 1750-1780, Site Name: Ft. Frederick, Site Number: 18WA20/400 - Many buttons recovered at Ft. Frederick measure between 1/2” and 1” in diameter, and this was a common button size for waistcoats and breeches. The waistcoat is the ancestor to the modern vest, but unlike the vest of today, the mid-18th-century waistcoat was long, descending past the waist, and it could have sleeves. An 18th-century waistcoat could have dozens of buttons at the front opening, pockets, and cuffs. Waistcoat and breeches buttons are common finds for archaeologists, probably because they were regularly lost. Coats were often left open at the front, so their buttons were not pressed into service as often as those on waistcoats and breeches. Breeches buttons were especially vulnerable to loss since they were put under strain as men bent their knees or opened their flies, both of which would have been regular daily occurrences given the reality of bodily functions. The Scottish kilt seems to have been a much more practical garment in this regard. Illustration of: How many buttons did a man's suit have?Illustration depicts a coat, sleeved waistcoat, and breeches with all thier buttons. The Coat: front opening has 20 buttons, cuffs have 10 buttons, back vents have 6 buttons, with a total of 44 buttons. Sleeved waistcoat front opening has 21 buttons, cuffs have 8 buttons, pockets have 8 buttons with a total of 41 buttons.; Breeches- the knees have 10 buttons, flies have 2 buttons, waist has 2 buttons, pockets have 2 buttons, a total of 16 buttons.