Scuba divers examining a shipwreck underwater.
Virtual Fieldtrip
Come learn about archaeology, Maryland's history and some sites at the Park.


Lock pieces (left) and lantern parts (right) from the Scorpion. 

Other, more functional, artifacts recovered by the archaeologist include the padlock and lantern parts above. A variety of locks and padlocks were recovered from the Scorpion.  Some were probably for small chests and others for larger storage areas on the ship. In this time before electricity, lanterns were a main source of light once the sun set.

From left to right - two cannonballs, grapeshot, and a musket ball.Not surprisingly, a variety of ammunition was also recovered. These four balls represent the kinds of This drawing shows how grapeshot is packaged before firiing.armament present on the Chesapeake Flotilla. Cannon balls came in varying sizes and, in this case, were fired from small cannons mounted on the vessels. While they did not explode on impact like modern bombs do, they caused great damage to the wooden ships they struck.  Grapeshot was a smaller projectile than a cannon ball, though also very damaging. Grapeshot was a collection of metal balls secured within a cloth bag and fired from the cannon. Once fired, the balls spread out and increased the area of impact. The smallest ball in the photo is a musket ball, fired from a handheld gun rather than a cannon.  The presence of these artifacts on the sites confirms that these vessels were used for military actions.